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The electrification of rural West Africa – a conundrum of sorts

20th February 2024

     

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This article has been supplied by the author and has not been written or solicited by Creamer Media. It may be available only for a limited time on this website.

By Teina Teibowei, Commercial Lead, Microgrid, Power & Grid Business Segment at Schneider Electric

West Africa’s socioeconomic development relies heavily on access to reliable and affordable energy. Nigeria, for example, is currently grappling with a severe shortage of access to energy. In fact, according to recent statistics and with a population exceeding 200 million, only six percent of the country’s rural population has access to electricity.

Moreover, of the 60% of Nigerians that do have electricity, many face constant, unpredictable supply with load shedding lasting hours on end. It is a reality that is disheartening and impacts both urban and rural communities.

The good news is substantial investment is underway to stabilise and extend Nigeria’s energy supply. In December 2023, the World Bank approved the Nigeria Distributed Access through Renewable Energy Scale-up (DARES) project, funded by the International Development Association (IDA), private capital and development partners.

The DARES project aims to provide over 17.5 million Nigerians with new or improved access to electricity through distributed renewable energy solutions. Beyond immediate electrification, DARES promises a ripple effect across various sectors, stimulating economic growth, improving health and education, and promoting climate action. 

Overcoming resistance

Whilst the above is undoubtedly encouraging, significant challenges remain in unlocking the full potential of rural electrification. Beyond the technical hurdles, one crucial obstacle lies in overcoming resistance access to energy. 

The high tariffs associated with electricity use in rural areas pose a significant barrier. In communities with limited economic opportunities, even basic lighting can be prohibitively expensive, discouraging adoption. This is further compounded by the low energy consumption patterns in these communities, characterised by single lights and sockets in homes. Investors, wary of low returns, are hesitant to allocate resources to such areas.

Rural electrification requires not only infrastructure development but also innovative solutions. It is crucial to create economic activities that encourage and demonstrate the value of electricity. Communities accustomed to living without electricity may initially resist its use, requiring a shift in mindset. 

Practical, sustainable answers

As an example, in my village, which primarily consists of fishermen, introducing electricity leads to a fair question; "what will we do with it?"  Here, it is important to clearly emphasise how energy is a vital part of growing the local economy. 

By providing access to electricity, fishermen can utilise freezers to preserve their catch for longer, enabling them to sell more and earn higher incomes. Similarly, for women engaged in agriculture and grain milling, the introduction of electricity-powered milling machines can significantly improve efficiency. This not only allows for faster production but also reduces the need to travel to other villages for milling, saving time and energy.

The key is to align electrification efforts with economic opportunities that resonate with the community. Demonstrating how electricity can improve livelihoods and bring tangible benefits fosters a shift in perception. Instead of viewing it as a mere corporate social responsibility (CSR) or government initiative, communities begin to recognise electricity as an essential service that holds value, one that they are willing to pay for. 

This approach not only fosters acceptance but also ensures a more sustainable and mutually beneficial integration of electricity into the daily lives of rural communities. By addressing affordability concerns, creating economic opportunities, and fostering a culture of energy consumption, we can unlock the true potential of rural electrification in West Africa, empowering communities and lighting the way for a brighter future.

 

Edited by Creamer Media Reporter

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