The outbreak of Covid-19 in South Africa and the consequent rapid requirement for bulk personal protective equipment (PPE) supply, has led to an influx of PPE products from many suppliers and distributors, thereby raising quality and functionality concerns by the healthcare industry and, in particular, the South African Medical Technology Industry Association (Samed).
Samed states that the public and everyone involved in eliminating the Covid-19 virus needs to be vigilant of the standards and guidelines that apply to products used to prevent, diagnose and treat Covid-19.
Since Covid-19 reached South Africa, the procurement and manufacture of crucial items including sanitisers, masks, gloves and other PPE, and tests, has been approached with urgency.
Samed states that this has opened doors for new local and international manufacturers and suppliers. However, the organisation notes that a lack of knowledge and experience in navigating the South African regulatory environment, or more alarmingly, intentional disregard of it, can pose a risk to the safety of healthcare workers and patients, and lead to wasting limited resources.
Samed chairperson Avanthi Govender Bester explains that new hand sanitiser gels, face masks and diagnostic tools are appearing on the market, and their composition, reliability and appropriate use differ.
For example, she says it is not commonly known how much alcohol must be in a sanitiser or which type of PPE should be worn in which situation for it to be effective against the coronavirus.
“This can result in the use of subquality and inefficient products and inappropriate use of such items, which can also cause harm.”
South African Health Products Regulatory Agency (SAHPRA) CEO Dr Boitumelo Semete-Makokotlela points out that the critical need for products related to the Covid-19 response has attracted companies that have little or no presence in the South African market.
“It can be difficult to distinguish bona fide suppliers from more opportunistic and unscrupulous suppliers. [Through industry collaboration] we can safeguard patients and medical personnel and achieve optimal healthcare outcomes.”
To tackle the issue, Samed is working with its 180 members and wants to support and guide other medical device suppliers, to ensure the provision of these products is done by companies that, if relevant, have been licensed by the SAHPRA, and whose products comply with the necessary safety, quality and efficacy standards.
Samed collaborates with the SAHPRA, the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS), the National Regulator for Compulsory Standards (NRCS) and other credible entities to assist local manufacturers and importers in following the regulations and is engaging with a range of stakeholders to find ways to ramp up local production of PPE and other related items.
Govender Bester says that, in addition to being a SAHPRA licensed establishment, companies that supply PPE need to have in place processes for managing adverse events and recall of inefficient or unsafe products.
“In relation to screening and testing kits, respiratory aids and other more complex devices, the supplier also needs to be able to train healthcare providers on the correct use of equipment,” she notes.
SAHPRA has established a dedicated hotline for medical devices, and has issued guidance documents, including those for rapid Covid-19 serological testing kits.
Detailed information on the regulatory status of different products used in the prevention of the coronavirus infection was issued jointly by the SAHPRA, the NRCS and the SABS. It encompasses face masks ranging from nonclinical cloth type to surgical (medical) and those that provide respiratory protection; general and medical gloves; and surface, hand and other body sanitisers and disinfectants.
In terms of face masks, the document indicates that general face masks, when not intended for a medical purpose and no claim is made for protection from viruses, do not fall into the SAHPRA’s or the NRCS’s mandates.
Surgical masks and medical masks are classified as Class A medical devices and are regulated by SAHPRA. Respirator and particle-filtering half-masks (dust masks) are classified as Class B medical devices and must comply with specific requirements as guided by several different Acts depending on their purpose and where they are being used, such as within medical or mining industry environments.
Meanwhile, Samed, with participation by SAHPRA representatives, will host a regulatory forum – a training webinar for members and all companies operating in, or intending to enter, the medical device sector.
The forum will take place virtually from 10.00 to 12.00 on May 12. Those who want to participate should email email@example.com.