http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 13.76Change: 0.11
R/$ = 10.96Change: 0.10
Au 1193.42 $/ozChange: 4.09
Pt 1213.50 $/ozChange: 10.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Sep 21, 2012

Structural inequality constraining prospective microenterprise sector

Back
Kate Philip discusses how structural inequality has marginalised the entry of microenterprises into the informal sector. Camerawork and editing: Darlene Creamer.
Africa|Environment|Systems|Africa|South Africa|Local Economic Systems|Manufacturing|Systems|Philip|Power
Africa|Environment|Systems|Africa||Manufacturing|Systems|Power
africa-company|environment|systems-company|africa|south-africa|local-economic-systems|manufacturing|systems|philip|power
© Reuse this



Enduring structural inequality, a remnant of the apartheid State, has continued to present the most marginalised of South African society with a major barrier to entry into the micro- enterprise and informal sectors.

Since 1994, structural inequality in local economic systems has not only endured in the South African context but has also been reproduced in newer, more complex ways, says adviser in The Presidency Kate Philip.

“Explanations for South Africa’s underdeveloped microenterprise sector in the face of rampant unemployment have typically focused on the lack of requisite skills and entrepreneurship, the historical exclu- sion of black people, access to credit, issues around ease of market entry and regulation barriers. While these issues are relevant, more attention should be paid to the impact of structural inequality on economic opportunity on the margin,” she asserts.

Philip advocates that three legacies dictate the deeply structural nature of local inequality.

Firstly, the highly concentrated structure of the core economy, with high levels of monopoly, capital intensity and increasing levels of vertical integration, has created what some refer to as two economies – the formal and informal economies.

Secondly, the critical legacy of spatial inequality, which has created ‘apartheid cities’, brings with it considerable economic costs, which are borne disproportionately by the poor.

“The third key legacy is the significant inequality of all human developmental indicators across socioeconomic divides,” says Philip.

These dimensions negatively reinforce each other and have ultimately resulted in the current economic marginalisation.

Capital-intensive industries, a feature of the South African economy, exclude small enterprise participation and are a focus of corrective economic policy mechanisms – such as the introduction of competition policy, the reduction of prospective tariffs, and the formulation of sector strategies – in the core economy.

Moreover, Philip emphasises that it is difficult for smaller enterprises to compete with the manufacturing and distribution power of large-scale producers.

“Branded goods and purchases from branded stores are often the choice of poor people because brands provide a level of quality assurance,” she points out.

Small-scale producers have to compete with price, quality and brand recognition, which is not always possible.

In addition, engaging in formal business- to-business transactions and formal value chains requires a certain degree of business sophistication, which is lacking quite often in the microenterprise environment.

“Any strategy that relies on poor people self-employing their way out of poverty won’t succeed because of the structure of the economy. The bar is simply too high,” Philip warns.

Edited by: Martin Zhuwakinyu
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Economy News
Steel among the five resource value-chains being prioritised
The Mineral Beneficiation Action Plan (MBAP), which is currently in draft form, should be finalised by the end of March 2015, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has confirmed. The department is leading the drafting process, which also involves the National...
South Africa had a moral and business obligation to aide the growth of its neighbours and Zimbabwe was moving to put its best foot forward to ensure it attracted the investment it needed to bolster its industrialisation and development programmes from South Africa....
The World Bank released its ‘Doing Business 2015: Going Beyond Efficiency’ report last month and ranked South Africa 43 out of 189 global economies for its ease of doing business, with Singapore topping the rankings.
More
 
 
Latest News
Industrialisation remains a major part of the South African developmental agenda and an important vehicle towards achieving the Department of Trade and Industry’s (DTI’s) target of creating 100 black industrialists in the next five years, Trade and Industry...
The construction of a new innovation hub in the heart of the Dube TradePort, in Durban, was set to kick off in March 2016, as Dube TradePort Corporation sealed a R160-million lease agreement with Eureka Capital. Eureka Capital planned to develop a seven-storey 21 500...
South Africa will become the first African country to host the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD’s) Steel Committee Conference when the committee’s seventy-seventh session takes place in Cape Town between December 11 and 12. The...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Defence 2014: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Defence 2014 report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key participants in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial multibillion-rand...
Road and Rail 2014: A review of South Africa's road and rail infrastructure (PDF report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2014 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and the push to move road...
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the automotive industry over the past 12 months, including an overview of South Africa’s automotive market, trade figures, production and the policies influencing the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the construction industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the sector and includes details of employment in the sector, infrastructure and municipal spending, as well as insight into companies’...
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the electricity industry over the past 12 months, including details of State-owned power utility Eskom’s generation activities, funding and tariffs, independent power producers and prospects for the sector.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
JSE-listed real estate investment trust (REIT) Rebosis Property Fund achieved a distribution growth of 8.1% to 99.45c per linked unit in the financial year ended August 31, despite volatile market conditions.
JAMES ROBERTS The MOM incubator was designed to help babies in developing nations who were dying in conflict-struck nations or who do not receive hospital care
A low-cost, inflatable incubator won this year’s international James Dyson design award, which aims to encourage and inspire the next generation of design engineers.
The World Bank released its ‘Doing Business 2015: Going Beyond Efficiency’ report last month and ranked South Africa 43 out of 189 global economies for its ease of doing business, with Singapore topping the rankings.
Air Products South Africa officially launched its R300-million Eastern Cape air- separation unit (ASU), at its new manufacturing facility in the Coega Industrial Development Zone (IDZ), earlier this month. It is the second facility that Air Products launched in South...
BMW South Africa (SA) has signed a power purchasing agreement with energy company Bio2Watt. The offtake partnership will bring renewable energy to the carmaker’s Rosslyn plant, north of Pretoria.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks