Feb 16, 2011
South-South trade booming despite high trade barriersBack
© Reuse this
Speaking at a Frontier Advisory seminar at the JSE, OECD Development Centre director Mario Pezzini said that South-South trade had experienced tremendous growth in recent years, with exports from developing countries now constituting 37% of global trade, of which about 50% related to South-South trade.
“The sharp increase in trade between developing countries, despite barriers remaining, just shows the increasing importance of these trading relationships.
“This leaves lots of opportunity to improve on the flow of trade, just imagine what gain would lie in the further reduction of trade barriers,” said Pezzini.
Historically, developing countries focused on preferential access to developed markets, but Pezzini said that the global economy had dramatically changed over the last two decades with wealth shifting from the developed world to developing countries, necessitating a change in thinking and attitude when it came to trade.
The situation was further exacerbated with the recent economic crisis, where developed economies experienced a recession, while some emerging economies continued showing double-digit growth figures.
Developing countries contributed to about 70% of the world’s growth in the last decade.
Pezzini said that the strong growth was fuelled by the rising demand for resources, especially from the growing Asian giants, which led to a decade of higher commodity prices and also stimulated growth in those countries producing raw materials.
Further, emerging markets started implementing better fiscal and macroeconomic policies, while increased liquidity provided for lower interest rates.
The OECD anticipated that the growth trend would continue, saying that while the developed world contributed about 60% of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP) in the 1990s, the picture would be reversed by 2030, with developing countries contributing 60% to the global GDP numbers.
However, Pezzini pointed out that accelerated growth from these countries had resulted in greater inequalities in society, which could lead to political unrest, like the recent displays in North Africa.
He said that good policy and governance was needed in these countries to build the correct developmental infrastructure, improve education and increase human capital, while continuously diversifying their economies with a strong focus on productivity and innovation.
“A great way to achieve this, is through the exploitation of the power of peer-to-peer learning, where policymakers can come together and share their successes and failures with each other. The OECD Developmental Centre has identified a strong demand for such policy dialogues and we have already arranged a number of opportunities for such interaction in the coming months,” concluded Pazzini.
Edited by: Mariaan Webb© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
Other Video News
Updated 3 hours ago Swedish Ambassador to South Africa Christian Meuwly will next week inaugurate the final roll-out of the new vertical shaft brick kiln (VSBK) at clay brick manufacturer Langkloof Bricks’ facility in Jeffrey’s Bay. The VSBK formed a part of economic, social and...
Updated 3 hours ago Hot on the heels of the launch of Rustenburg’s rapid transport system’s brand name and logo last week, a negotiation framework agreement (NFA) has been formally agreed to and signed by the Rustenburg Local Municipality (RLM) and taxi and bus operators affected by the...
Updated 3 hours ago The runway at the George Airport, in the Western Cape, has been rehabilitated to improve safety, in terms of run-off and storm water drainage, and the structural capacity of the pavement surface. The scope of work comprised the extension of Runway 11/29, the...
Recent Research Reports
Defence 2014: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Defence 2014 report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key participants in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial multibillion-rand...
Road and Rail 2014: A review of South Africa's road and rail infrastructure (PDF report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2014 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and the push to move road...
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the automotive industry over the past 12 months, including an overview of South Africa’s automotive market, trade figures, production and the policies influencing the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the construction industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the sector and includes details of employment in the sector, infrastructure and municipal spending, as well as insight into companies’...
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the electricity industry over the past 12 months, including details of State-owned power utility Eskom’s generation activities, funding and tariffs, independent power producers and prospects for the sector.
This Week's Magazine
Integrated energy and chemical company Sasol has partnered with Unisa Graduate School of Business Leadership (SBL) professor and founder and CEO of PanAvest Partnership Dr Douglas Boateng to publish a series of books on executive supply chain management aimed at...
The World Wide Fund for Nature’s (WWF’s) 2014 Living Planet Index (LPI) indicates that there has been a 52% decline in vertebrate species since 1970. The Index tracked the trends of 10 000 discrete populations of over 3000 vertebrate species between 1970 and 2010.
Rwanda has joined a number of East African countries seeking to import electricity from Ethiopia as its demand grows. After it became apparent several generation project it is implementing will not come on stream early enough, now plans to import 400 MW from Ethiopia...
Metrorail’s first new passenger train will arrive in November next year, says Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) CEO Lucky Montana. “Next year we will be able to put our hands around the infrastructure and equipment we have been talking about for so long.”
The Competition Commission has launched an investigation into what it says are “price fixing, market division and collusive tendering in the market for the manufacture and supply of automotive components to original equipment manufacturers” (OEMs, or vehicle...