Jan 20, 2012
Small farmers in big industry earn consistent incomeBack
© Reuse this
About 40% of the country’s 18.2-million tons of palm oil production comes from small- holders, who consistently earn between R600/acre and R1 000/acre of mature palms each month.
“It is a good crop to elevate people out of rural poverty and lots of Malaysians who have land or have developed their properties are much better off than before. If a farmer has 5 ha of mature palm oil, he can get R6 000 to R10 000 a month.
“It [resolves] some of the problems in the rural areas, where people have land but no other income,” he stated at the Malaysian Palm Oil Trade Fair and Seminar, in Sandton, in December.
The certainty of the farmer’s income is linked to the large-scale demand created by the greater industry, the scale of which also helps to reduce supply risks and, thus, price volatility. The country’s production from January to September was around 18.2-million tons of palm oil and related products, earning it around R123.5-billion, or 9.8% of its total exports each year, with 150 000 t of palm oil being exported to South Africa in 2010.
The oil is used in the manufacture of food oils, soaps, biofuels, phytonutrients and cosmetics, with proponents noting that the oils are derived from natural sources, not petroleum, making them renewable.
For the cosmetics industry, demand for palm oil products is expected to increase as people seek out products made from the high-quality natural oil. Further, the oil also contains tocotrienols, a type of vitamin E, and there is growing interest in the oleochemicals owing to the oil’s price and fatty acid composition. Malaysia has produced 2.15-million tons of oleochemicals from palm oil for the year up to September 2011, he said.
The Minister noted that, prior to attending the seventeenth Congress of the Parties conference in Durban, he had visited a business in Pietermaritzburg that manufactured soaps using imported Malaysian palm oil.
However, Malaysia practises a market economy and Dompok noted that, although there was no explicit limit on land ownership, the country had achieved 40% of palm oil production from smallholders.
“[Palm oil] planting companies can become very big. There is trading of land, buying and selling, but most of the time people develop the land and do not sell it, preferring to target incomes coming out of good oil,” he explained.
Further, Dompok noted that a number of Malaysian companies and plant companies were establishing joint ventures with South African firms and that the government, in partnership with industry body the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, were encouraging more.
“We are also happy to see some companies owned by South Africans who want to venture into this industry, and we can work out what encouragement and assistance we can give to them,” he noted.
The Palm Oil Trade Fair and Seminar was aimed at attracting new entrepreneurs to invigorate trade in the commodity and Malaysia aims to play a significant role in developing downstream activities in importing countries, such as South Africa, Morocco and Nigeria, besides others.
The industry employs in excess of 570 000 people in Malaysia.
“All these developments would not have materialised without the government taking a proactive approach to complement the private sector initiatives by improving the national infrastructure and supporting facilities such as ports, bulking installations and transportation,” said Dompok.
Malaysia offers the right policies to help the growth of the palm oil downstream sector. In the upstream sector of the industry, such as the palm oil plantations, Malaysia is ready to help relevant multinational parties and contributes to technology, labour, expertise, raw materials and other inputs for the industry, he said.
Significant research is being done in the industry, including mapping the genome of the plant species that will help to improve production yield, concluded Dompok.
Edited by: Martin Zhuwakinyu© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
Creamer Media Senior Deputy Editor
Other Agriculture News
Recent Research Reports
Water 2015: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2015 Report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context but also in the African and global context in terms of supply and demand, water stress and insecurity, and access to water and sanitation, besides others.
Input Sector Review: Pumps 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2015 Input Sector Review on Pumps provides an overview of South Africa’s pumps industry with particular focus on pump manufacture and supply, aftermarket services, marketing strategies, local and export demand, imports, sector support, investment...
Liquid Fuels 2015: A review of South Africa's liquid fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2015 Report examines these issues in the context of South Africa’s business environment; oil and gas exploration; fuel pricing; the development of the country’s biofuels industry; the logistics of transporting liquid fuels; and...
Road and Rail 2015: A review of South Africa's road and rail sectors (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2015 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail infrastructure and network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and...
Defence 2015: A review of South Africa's defence sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Coal 2015 report examines South Africa’s coal industry with regards to the business environment, the key participants in the sector, local demand, export sales and coal logistics, projects being undertaken by the large and smaller participants in the...
Real Economy Year Book 2015 (PDF Report)
There are very few beacons of hope on South Africa’s economic horizon. Economic growth is weak, unemployment is rising, electricity supply is insufficient to meet demand and/or spur growth, with poor prospects for many of the commodities mined and exported. However,...
This Week's Magazine
The BMW Group will invest R6-billion at BMW Group South Africa’s (BMW SA’s) Rosslyn plant to produce the next-generation X3 sports-activity vehicle (SAV) for the local and export markets. Rosslyn will continue production of the current 3 Series through its lifecycle,...
The lack of consequences for poor performance and transgressions on the part of contractors remains a significant hurdle to tackling South Africa’s service delivery challenges, delegates heard at the Consulting Engineers South Africa Infrastructure Indaba, on...
City of Ekurhuleni executive mayor Mondli Gungubele earlier this month officially named the city’s bus rapid transit (BRT) system, Harambee.
About 58% of unstructured data stored by companies is dark data, which means that the value or regulatory importance of the data has not been determined. Subsequently, most of the stored data add costs, rather than increasing revenue or reduce regulatory risks, says...
Effective logistics, import/export and manufacturing consulting services require detailed industry knowledge and experience, but can add significant value to these industries by providing expert advice on various technical elements in their value chains, says...