The Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) has joined the global science community in calling on the Commonwealth Heads of Government to use the best available science to guide action on climate change.
The call forms part of a Consensus Statement on Climate Change, launched on Monday by 22 national academies and societies of science from around the Commonwealth, ahead of next month’s Commonwealth Summit in the UK.
The consensus statement, which represents the views of tens of thousands of scientists, marks the first time Commonwealth nations have come together to urge their governments to take further action to achieve net-zero greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions.
ASSAf CEO Professor Roseanne Diab said the GHG emission reduction commitments agreed to by 160 parties in the 2015 Paris Agreement was only the first step in a long journey.
“Even if all the country commitments from the Paris Agreement are met, the latest data shows that, by the end of the century, mean global temperatures are likely to be 3 °C above pre-industrial levels.
“This is substantially higher than the Paris target to limit warming to less than 2 °C, and would have profound impacts affecting billions of people throughout the world,” she noted.
Sustainability is one of the key themes to be discussed by Commonwealth leaders at the 2018 Commonwealth Summit, with a particular focus on the resilience of developing and vulnerable countries to climate change.
“Recognising different capacities, challenges and priorities, the approaches of each nation will not be the same. However, they must be informed by the best available scientific evidence, monitoring and evaluation.
“ASSAf stands ready to assist the South African government, and indeed broader Commonwealth efforts, by providing sound scientific advice on issues relating to climate change,” Diab said.