http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.59Change: -0.01
R/$ = 10.54Change: 0.02
Au 1300.89 $/ozChange: -1.97
Pt 1438.00 $/ozChange: 1.50
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Nelson Mandela 1918 - 2013   Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science & Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Aug 22, 2008

SA universities spend big on research and development

Back
Natal|SHANGHAI|Education|The Times|Africa|Australia|Egypt|Germany|Japan|South Africa|Spain|United Kingdom|United States|USD|Communication Technology|Western Cape|Cape Peninsula University Of Technology|Central University Of Technology|Durban University Of Technology|Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University|North West University|Rhodes University|Tshwane University Of Technology|University Of Cape Town|University Of Fort Hare|University Of Johannesburg|University Of KwaZulu-Natal|University Of Limpopo|University Of Pretoria|University Of South Africa|University Of The Free State|University Of The Western Cape|University Of The Witwatersrand|University Of Venda For Science And Technology|University Of Zululand|Vaal University Of Technology|Walter Sisulu University For Technology And Science|Communication Technology|Distance Learning
natal|shanghai|education-company|the-times|africa|australia|egypt|germany|japan|south-africa|spain|united-kingdom|united-states|usd|communication-technology-industry-term|western-cape|cape-peninsula-university-of-technology|central-university-of-technology|durban-university-of-technology|nelson-mandela-metropolitan-university|north-west-university|rhodes-university|tshwane-university-of-technology|university-of-cape-town|university-of-fort-hare|university-of-johannesburg|university-of-kwazulunatal|university-of-limpopo|university-of-pretoria|university-of-south-africa|university-of-the-free-state|university-of-the-western-cape|university-of-the-witwatersrand|university-of-venda-for-science-and-technology|university-of-zululand|vaal-university-of-technology|walter-sisulu-university-for-technology-and-science|communication-technology|distance-learning
© Reuse this



South Africa’s universities accounted for 19,3% of the country’s gross expenditure on research and development (R&D) in 2005/6 – or about $2,8-billion out of a total of R14,1-billion.

Of this, 16,4% was devoted to basic (or pure) science, 3,9% to information and communication technology, 1,7% to applied science, 12,1% to engineering sciences, 17,4% to the medical sciences, 13,5% to the life sciences, and 35% to the social sciences.

The country’s universities are clearly important assets. In total, South Africa has 23 institutions designated as universities, divided into 11 traditional universities, 6 comprehensive universities, and 6 universities of technology. Traditional universities are just that: full-spectrum universities with faculties of science, engineering, law, arts/humanities, and so on, engaging in pure, as well as applied, research, and teaching.

The comprehensive universities were created by the merger of some universities with technikons, and offer some traditional university programmes as well as career-orientated programmes of the type found in the former technikons. The universities of technology are basically renamed technikons (which were themselves originally designated technical colleges).

The traditional universities are North West University, Rhodes University, the University of Cape Town (UCT), the University of Fort Hare, the University of the Free State, the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKN), the University of Limpopo, the University of Pretoria (UP), the Universitty of Stellenbosch, the University of the Western Cape, and the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits).

The comprehensive universities are the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, the University of Johannesburg, the University of South Africa (Unisa – a distance learning institution), the University of Venda for Science and Technology, the University of Zululand, and the Walter Sisulu University for Technology and Science.

The universities of technology comprise the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, the Central University of Technology, the Durban University of Technology, the Mangosuthu Technikon, the Tshwane University of Technology, and the Vaal University of Technology.

But how do South African universities rate internationally? Global university ranking lists do exist. Two of the best known are the Times Higher Education Supplement QS World University Rankings, and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). These list what they regard as the 500 best universities in the world.

The ARWU 2007 rated UCT as South Africa’s top university, placing it in the group of universities ranked from 203 to 304, but not giving it an individual ranking. UCT was also rated as Africa’s top university. Wits came second, in South Africa and Africa, ranked between 305 and 402.

Third equal, in both South Africa and Africa, were UKN and UP, both rated between 403 and 510 in the world – Cairo University, in Egypt, also ranked third equal in Africa and in the same global group. These five universities were the only African universities to make the top 500 list. (In the 2006 ARWU rankings, UCT came in at 252, Wits at 396, UKN at 470, and UP at 481.)

The QS World University Rankings 2007 also placed UCT as South Africa’s top university, ranked 200, with Wits again in second place, at 282. UKN and UP were both placed in the group ranked between 401 and 500, without being assigned individual ratings.

The exact ratings differ, but both lists agree that UCT comes first and Wits second, and they are followed by UKN and UP. And the really fundamental point is that South Africa has four world-class universities. Not surprising, all are traditional universities, of which the country only has 11. So 36% of South African traditional universities are world class.

For comparison, universities ranked near UCT on the QS list include the University of Leicester (UK) at 185, the University of Surrey (UK) at 190, the University of Barcelona (Spain) at 194, Kobe University (Japan) at 197, the University of Miami (US) at 202, Brandeis University (US) at 208, and Hamburg University (Germany) at 216.

Universities clustered around Wits include the University of Essex (UK) at 272, Iowa State University (US) at 276, Washington State University (US) at 286, and the University of South Australia at 291.

Edited by: Martin Zhuwakinyu
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other News This Week News
Updated 29 minutes ago The power and water sector will come together in May to discuss challenges and celebrate successes at the annual African Utility Week and Clean Power Africa in Cape Town. More than 5 000 power and water professionals, including utility heads from Nigeria, Uganda,...
There is enough water in South Africa to supply communities and the economy, even if some activities may be constrained, such as agriculture in the Limpopo, says National Planning Commission commissioner Mike Muller. 
Muller was also the director-general from 1997...
South African antenna designer and producer Poynting and provider of professional products, system integration and implementation and commissioning services for the broadcast and telecommunications markets in South Africa, African Union Communications (Aucom),...
Article contains comments
More
 
 
Latest News
South Africa's drive to create a competitive and food-secure State was boosted on Tuesday with the launch of the Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Food Security, at the University of the Western Cape, which would bring together a cohort of experts and researchers from 19...
The City of Cape Town has entered into eight third-party service provider agreements licensing the take up of the spare infrastructure capacity generated through the city’s broadband network. Lease-agreement negotiations were progressing with another 20 third-party...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Steel 2014: A review of South Africa's steel sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Steel 2014 report provides an overview of the global steel industry and particularly of South Africa’s steel sector over the past year, including details of production and consumption, as well as the country's primary carbon steel and stainless...
Projects in Progress 2014 - First Edition (PDF Report)
This publication contains insight into progress at the delayed Medupi and Kusile coal-fired projects, in Mpumalanga and Limpopo respectively, as well as at the Ingula pumped-storage scheme, which is under construction on the border between the Free State and...
Automotive 2014: A review of South Africa's automotive sector (PDF Report)
The report provides insight into the business environment, the key participants in the sector, local construction demand, geographic diversification, competition within the sector, corporate activity, skills, safety, environmental considerations and the challenges...
Construction 2014: A review of South Africa's construction sector (PDF Report)
Construction data released during 2013 hints at a halt to the decline in the industry during the last few years, with some commentators averring that the industry could be poised for recovery. However, others have urged caution, noting that the prospects for a...
Electricity 2014: A Review of South Africa's Electricity Sector (PDF Report)
This report provides an overview of the state of electricity generation and transmission in South Africa and examines electricity planning, investment in generation capacity, electricity tariffs, the role of independent power producers and demand-focused initiatives,...
Defence 2013: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2013 Defence Report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key players in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the defence sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial...
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
Updated 32 minutes ago The power and water sector will come together in May to discuss challenges and celebrate successes at the annual African Utility Week and Clean Power Africa in Cape Town. More than 5 000 power and water professionals, including utility heads from Nigeria, Uganda,...
There is enough water in South Africa to supply communities and the economy, even if some activities may be constrained, such as agriculture in the Limpopo, says National Planning Commission commissioner Mike Muller. 
Muller was also the director-general from 1997...
South African antenna designer and producer Poynting and provider of professional products, system integration and implementation and commissioning services for the broadcast and telecommunications markets in South Africa, African Union Communications (Aucom),...
Industrial automation giant Festo has been displaying some of the its ongoing research projects and latest automation developments and products at the Hannover industrial fair from April 7 to 11, as part of its Integrated Automation – The Next Steps theme. The...
South African retail companies are responding to the way in which e-commerce is changing their engagement model with customers by improving customer engagement channels and order fulfilment intelligence, says industrial and retail software company JDA Europe, Middle...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks