http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 13.13Change: -0.02
R/$ = 11.93Change: -0.06
Au 1205.48 $/ozChange: -0.59
Pt 1147.50 $/ozChange: -1.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Letters Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Aug 22, 2008

SA universities spend big on research and development

Back
Engineering|Africa|Education|UCT|Africa|University Of Cape Town
Engineering|Africa|Education|UCT|Africa|University Of Cape Town
engineering|africa-company|education-company|uct|africa|university-of-cape-town
© Reuse this



South Africa’s universities accounted for 19,3% of the country’s gross expenditure on research and development (R&D) in 2005/6 – or about $2,8-billion out of a total of R14,1-billion.

Of this, 16,4% was devoted to basic (or pure) science, 3,9% to information and communication technology, 1,7% to applied science, 12,1% to engineering sciences, 17,4% to the medical sciences, 13,5% to the life sciences, and 35% to the social sciences.

The country’s universities are clearly important assets. In total, South Africa has 23 institutions designated as universities, divided into 11 traditional universities, 6 comprehensive universities, and 6 universities of technology. Traditional universities are just that: full-spectrum universities with faculties of science, engineering, law, arts/humanities, and so on, engaging in pure, as well as applied, research, and teaching.

The comprehensive universities were created by the merger of some universities with technikons, and offer some traditional university programmes as well as career-orientated programmes of the type found in the former technikons. The universities of technology are basically renamed technikons (which were themselves originally designated technical colleges).

The traditional universities are North West University, Rhodes University, the University of Cape Town (UCT), the University of Fort Hare, the University of the Free State, the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKN), the University of Limpopo, the University of Pretoria (UP), the Universitty of Stellenbosch, the University of the Western Cape, and the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits).

The comprehensive universities are the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, the University of Johannesburg, the University of South Africa (Unisa – a distance learning institution), the University of Venda for Science and Technology, the University of Zululand, and the Walter Sisulu University for Technology and Science.

The universities of technology comprise the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, the Central University of Technology, the Durban University of Technology, the Mangosuthu Technikon, the Tshwane University of Technology, and the Vaal University of Technology.

But how do South African universities rate internationally? Global university ranking lists do exist. Two of the best known are the Times Higher Education Supplement QS World University Rankings, and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). These list what they regard as the 500 best universities in the world.

The ARWU 2007 rated UCT as South Africa’s top university, placing it in the group of universities ranked from 203 to 304, but not giving it an individual ranking. UCT was also rated as Africa’s top university. Wits came second, in South Africa and Africa, ranked between 305 and 402.

Third equal, in both South Africa and Africa, were UKN and UP, both rated between 403 and 510 in the world – Cairo University, in Egypt, also ranked third equal in Africa and in the same global group. These five universities were the only African universities to make the top 500 list. (In the 2006 ARWU rankings, UCT came in at 252, Wits at 396, UKN at 470, and UP at 481.)

The QS World University Rankings 2007 also placed UCT as South Africa’s top university, ranked 200, with Wits again in second place, at 282. UKN and UP were both placed in the group ranked between 401 and 500, without being assigned individual ratings.

The exact ratings differ, but both lists agree that UCT comes first and Wits second, and they are followed by UKN and UP. And the really fundamental point is that South Africa has four world-class universities. Not surprising, all are traditional universities, of which the country only has 11. So 36% of South African traditional universities are world class.

For comparison, universities ranked near UCT on the QS list include the University of Leicester (UK) at 185, the University of Surrey (UK) at 190, the University of Barcelona (Spain) at 194, Kobe University (Japan) at 197, the University of Miami (US) at 202, Brandeis University (US) at 208, and Hamburg University (Germany) at 216.

Universities clustered around Wits include the University of Essex (UK) at 272, Iowa State University (US) at 276, Washington State University (US) at 286, and the University of South Australia at 291.

Edited by: Martin Zhuwakinyu
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other News This Week News
While economic forecasts for the African continent are most favourable, African airlines may not be able to benefit from the expected growth in the region’s gross domestic product (GDP), International Air Transport Association VP: Africa Raphael Kuuchi has warned....
The Automotive Production and Development Programme (APDP) will need to change substantially post 2020, says Metair Investments South African operations COO Ken Lello. “We must not make tweaks. We have to change. What we are doing is not sustainable.”
Banking group Absa’s forecast is for the rand to end the year at around R13 against the dollar, weakening further to R13.50 by 2016, says Absa sectoral analyst Jacques du Toit. He warns that possible interest rate hikes in the US may see capital being pulled from...
More
 
 
Latest News
Updated 9 minutes ago In this context Creamer Media’s Gold 2015 report reviews the global gold market and gold companies that have operations in Africa. It particularly focuses on the South African gold sector, including labour issues and electricity shortages, as well as prospects for...
Updated 1 hour 18 minutes ago The first of a total of 40 Cuban engineers have arrived in the Free State on Sunday, with the rest expected to arrive on Monday. They will mainly be involved in improving service delivery, the construction of government subsidised settlements, houses, the provision...
The new Hilux
Updated 1 hour 41 minutes ago Toyota has lifted the veil on its new, eighth-generation Hilux bakkie, set to launch in South Africa in the first quarter next year. Sales have already started in Thailand.
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Steel 2015: A review of South Africa's steel sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Steel 2015 report provides an overview of the key developments in the global steel industry and particularly of South Africa’s steel sector over the past year, including details of production and consumption, as well as the country's primary carbon...
Projects in Progress 2015 - First Edition (PDF Report)
In fact, this edition of Creamer Media’s Projects in Progress 2015 supplement tracks developments taking place under the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme, which has had four bidding rounds. It appears to remain a shining light on the...
Electricity 2015: A review of South Africa's electricity sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Electricity 2015 report provides an overview of State-owned power utility Eskom and independent power producers, as well as electricity planning, transmission, distribution and the theft thereof, besides other issues.
Construction 2015: A review of South Africa’s construction sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Construction 2015 Report examines South Africa’s construction industry over the past 12 months. The report provides insight into the business environment; the key participants in the sector; local construction demand; geographic diversification;...
Liquid Fuels 2014 - A review of South Africa's Liquid Fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2014 Report examines these issues, focusing on the business environment, oil and gas exploration, the country’s feedstock supplies, the development of South Africa’s biofuels industry, fuel pricing, competition in the sector, the...
Water 2014: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2014 report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context, but also in the African and global context, and examines the issues of water and sanitation, water quality and the demand for water, among others.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
While economic forecasts for the African continent are most favourable, African airlines may not be able to benefit from the expected growth in the region’s gross domestic product (GDP), International Air Transport Association VP: Africa Raphael Kuuchi has warned....
The Automotive Production and Development Programme (APDP) will need to change substantially post 2020, says Metair Investments South African operations COO Ken Lello. “We must not make tweaks. We have to change. What we are doing is not sustainable.”
Banking group Absa’s forecast is for the rand to end the year at around R13 against the dollar, weakening further to R13.50 by 2016, says Absa sectoral analyst Jacques du Toit. He warns that possible interest rate hikes in the US may see capital being pulled from...
The Dispute Resolution Centre at the Bargaining Council for the Civil Engineering Industry (BCCEI) is now open to handle party-to-party disputes. The BCCEI represents the interests of all level four to nine Construction Industry Development Board companies.
FREDRIK JEJDLING Sustainability becomes an important part of a business’ decision-making process
Communications technology firm Ericsson sub-Saharan Africa head Fredrik Jejdling says the company’s commitment to sustainability and corporate responsibility has been integrated into all facets of its operations, which has provided it with sustainable revenue...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks
Subscribe Now for $96 Close
Subscribe Now for $96