http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 17.94Change: -0.16
R/$ = 15.91Change: -0.07
Au 1198.53 $/ozChange: 5.48
Pt 936.00 $/ozChange: 3.50
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Letters About Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Jan 09, 2013

SA and world urged to accelerate carbon-capture efforts

Back
Johannesburg|Rotterdam|Africa|CoAL|EcoMetrix Africa|Efficiency|Engineering|Eskom|Gas|India|Industrial|International Energy Agency|Pipe|PROJECT|Projects|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|Safety|Storage|Storage Technology|Technology|Training|transport|Africa|Europe|China|Netherlands|South Africa|United States|Accelerated Renewable-energy Efforts|Coal-based Energy Solutions|Electricity|Electricity Producer|Energy|Energy Demand|Energy Efficiency Improvements|Equipment|Flue-gas Streams|Low-carbon Energy Technologies|Solutions|Storage Site|Environmental|Infrastructure|Juho Lipponen|Lodewijk Nell|Pipe|The CCS Advances|Low-carbon Energy Technologies
|Africa|CoAL|Efficiency|Engineering|Eskom|Gas|Industrial|Pipe|PROJECT|Projects|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|Safety|Storage|Technology|Training|transport|Africa|||Energy|Equipment|Solutions||Environmental|Infrastructure||Pipe||
johannesburg|rotterdam|africa-company|coal|ecometrix-africa|efficiency|engineering|eskom|gas|india|industrial|international-energy-agency-company|pipe-company|project|projects|renewable-energy|renewable-energy-company|safety|storage|storage-technology-company|technology|training|transport|africa|europe|china|netherlands-country|south-africa|united-states|accelerated-renewable-energy-efforts|coal-based-energy-solutions|electricity|electricity-producer|energy|energy-demand|energy-efficiency-improvements|equipment|flue-gas-streams-industry-term|low-carbon-energy-technologies|solutions|storage-site|environmental|infrastructure|juho-lipponen|lodewijk-nell|pipe|the-ccs-advances|low-carbon-energy-technologies-technology
© Reuse this



South Africa, which relies primarily on coal to produce most of its electricity, is set to raise the profile of its carbon capture and storage (CCS) initiatives in 2013, amid a call from the International Energy Agency (IEA) for a renewed focus on the deployment of CCS as part of international efforts to reduce climate-altering carbon emissions.

The agency warned early in January that the goal of limiting the global temperature rise to only 2 °C by 2050 will be impossible without CCS, which it sees as a necessary addition to other low-carbon energy technologies and energy efficiency improvements.

During 2012, Cabinet endorsed the ‘Carbon Capture and Storage Roadmap’ developed by the South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage as one of the options for mitigating carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions – South Africa emitted about 600-million tons of CO2 in 2010.

The endorsement followed a voluntarily commitment to reduce the country’s CO2 emissions by 34% in 2020 and by 42% in 2025, on condition that South Africa received technological and financial support.

It was also made despite ongoing skepticism over the role of CCS, which critics view as an unhelpful diversion of attention away from accelerated renewable-energy efforts. Some environmental groups even see CCS as a cynical attempt to prolong the use of fossil fuels.

However, the IEA has listed the CCS progress as a key 2013 priority, cautioning that high costs and an absence of incentives will continue to delay implementation of this “critical element to limiting climate change”.

Such incentives are likely to be required owing to the costs of locating and developing a storage site, preparing the infrastructure to pipe the CO2 and installing the equipment required to capture and compress CO2 from various flue-gas streams.

Fossil fuels, the agency says, are still likely to provide 45% of the world’s primary energy demand by 2050, even under its 2-degree temperature-rise scenario, also dubbed ‘2DS’.

CCS, which aims to capture, transport and store the CO2 in deep geological formations, could provide 20% of the carbon cuts needed by 2050 under 2DS, but would require the roll-out of 3 000 plants.

In fact, the IEA’s ‘World Energy Outlook 2012’ asserts that, without significant deployment of CCS, more than two-thirds of current proven fossil-fuel reserves cannot be commercialised in a 2DS world before 2050.

“Fossil-fuel CCS is particularly important in a world that currently shows absolutely no sign of scaling down its fossil fuel consumption,” IEA Carbon Capture and Storage Technology Unit head Juho Lipponen adds.

A recent Economist magazine article notes that China’s demand for energy has been a key factor driving demand for fossil fuels in recent years, with the Asian giant having overtaken the US as the world’s biggest electricity producer in 2011. But other developing economies, including South Africa, are also pursuing coal-based energy solutions and India could be poised to surpass the US as the world’s second-largest coal consumer by 2017.

In such a context, Lipponen argues that action on storage-site screening and development is a key priority to ensure that approval processes for such sites do not impede new CCS installations.

But governments will also need to assess what role CCS will play in their future energy mixes, while practical incentives will also be required to stimulate projects. The IEA itself is revising its CCS technology roadmap, with the new version expected during the first half of 2013.

In South Africa, a Carbon Atlas has been published and preparations are under way, in line with the Cabinet-endorsed roadmap, for the first “test injection” by 2016.

Should the concept be proven, the next step would be the development of a demonstration plant by 2020 as a precursor to a commercial-scale facility by 2025.

In February, the European Commission (EC), along with Eskom and EcoMetrix Africa, will host a conference in Johannesburg at which information will be shared on some of the CCS advances being made in Europe under the so-called Octavius research programme.

Octavius, which began in March last year, is a five-year EC-funded project falling under the seventh framework programme. It is coordinated by public-sector research and training centre IFPEN with the intention of demonstrating energy-efficient CO2 capture processes at industrial pilot plants in Europe.

EcoMetrix Africa director Lodewijk Nell tells Engineering News Online that the focus on carbon-capture solutions is viewed as appropriate, as capture is an expensive step within a chain that also involves transportation and storage.

Nell says the aim of the conference idea is to share lessons with South African stakeholders arising from three pilot projects so as to begin extrapolating what those results could mean in the South African context.

EcoMetrix Africa is already using some of the results to develop a theoretical model for the domestic application of a capturing solution premised on using an amine solution to absorb the CO2 – a process being piloted at an E.ON facility in Rotterdam, in the Netherlands.

Meanwhile, the IEA acknowledges that the adoption of CCS has been slow. But it says the good news is that the required technologies have been proven across a range of industries over several decades. In fact, the Global CCS Institute lists more than 70 large-scale integrated CCS facilities across the world in various stages of development.

“It is critical that as many of these projects as possible reach fruition this decade to perfect the technology and show CCS’s value and safety to the public,” the agency concludes.

Edited by: Creamer Media Reporter
© Reuse this

To subscribe email subscriptions@creamermedia.co.za or click here
To advertise email advertising@creamermedia.co.za or click here
 
Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Mining News
Credit Suisse Securities chairperson Rick Menell
Africa was entering a phase of becoming the factory of the world requiring the building of facilitating infrastructure, Credit Suisse Securities chairperson Rick Menell. Speaking  during a panel discussion at the 2016 Investing in African Mining Indaba, Menell...
Ivanhoe Mines CEO Robert Friedland
Africa-focused explorer and project developer Ivanhoe Mines is confident that its Limpopo-based Platreef mine, which is expected to produce 12-million tonnes a year, will be the largest platinum group metals (PGMs) mine in the world “by a massive margin”. Addressing...
Maseve project, South Africa
Vancouver-based Platinum Group Metals (PTM) has produced the first concentrate at its Maseve platinum mine (formerly known as the Western Bushveld Joint Venture Project 1), near Rustenburg, South Africa, after completing a 72-hour test during hot commissioning of its...
More
 
 
Latest News
Steel producer Evraz Highveld Steel and Vanadium announced on Wednesday that the Department of Labour had put a “pause” to Training Layoff Scheme (TLS) payments in response to confirmation that the proposed sale of the business to International Resources Limited...
About 2 000 workers at LafargeHolcim's South African unit will on Thursday launch an open-ended strike over pay, a labour union said on Wednesday. "The industrial strike would encompass the entire workforce and it will be a total withdrawal of labour by our members...
French Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs Minister Emmanuel Macron has announced the creation of six new French tech hubs in Cape Town, San Francisco, London, Tokyo, New York and Hong Kong. “I am delighted that Cape Town has been designated as a French tech hub....
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Construction 2016: A review of South Africa's construction industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Construction 2016 Report examines South Africa’s construction industry over the past 12 months. The report provides insight into the business environment; key participants; local demand; geographic diversification; corporate activity; black economic...
Energy Roundup – February 2016 (PDF Report)
The February 2016 roundup covers activities across South Africa for December 2015 and January 2016 and includes details of a Government Gazette notice that confirms Cabinet’s decision to move ahead with the 9 600 MW nuclear procurement programme; State-owned power...
Energy Roundup - December 2015 (PDF Report)
The December 2015 roundup includes details of State-owned utility Eskom’s application to claw back R22.8-billion; South Africa’s ranking as an investment destination for renewable energy; and a nuclear expert’s thoughts on reactor designs for South Africa’s nuclear...
Water 2015: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2015 Report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context but also in the African and global context in terms of supply and demand, water stress and insecurity, and access to water and sanitation, besides others.
Input Sector Review: Pumps 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2015 Input Sector Review on Pumps provides an overview of South Africa’s pumps industry with particular focus on pump manufacture and supply, aftermarket services, marketing strategies, local and export demand, imports, sector support, investment...
Liquid Fuels 2015: A review of South Africa's liquid fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2015 Report examines these issues in the context of South Africa’s business environment; oil and gas exploration; fuel pricing; the development of the country’s biofuels industry; the logistics of transporting liquid fuels; and...
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
Power and automation company ABB is in the launch phase of its highest payload, multipurpose industrial robot, the IRB 8700. The robot has a reach of 3.5 m and can handle a payload of up to 800 kg. “When designing the IRB 8700, we emphasised reach and payload, as...
Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a critical facet of a connected security ecosystem, as controlling the confidentiality, integrity and authorisation of data access and use is key to securing new digital business channels. However, companies face several...
RORY YOUNG Managed security services provide companies with a means to actively monitor their environment and ward against threats
Data underpins digital business models, the digital economy, the Internet of Things and the fundamental changes in the ways people interact and protecting data is crucial to securing new ways of doing business, says T-Systems South Africa information and...
The City of Cape Town will issue a tender for the procurement of electric buses for its MyCiTi service, in line with the council’s commitment to lower its carbon footprint, says executive mayor Patricia de Lille. The tender, to be advertised early in February, will...
The iSimangaliso Wetland Park Authority signed a R10-million contract last month with local tailings storage facility specialists Cyclone Engineering Projects to remove about 100 000 m3 of dredge spoil obstructing the natural course of the uMfolozi river, in...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks
Subscribe Now for $149 Close
Subscribe Now for $149