R/€ = 15.22Change: 0.03
R/$ = 14.40Change: -0.01
Au 1056.85 $/ozChange: -1.03
Pt 829.50 $/ozChange: -6.00
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?

And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Letters About Us
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
Jan 09, 2013

SA and world urged to accelerate carbon-capture efforts

Engineering|Johannesburg|Rotterdam|Africa|CoAL|EcoMetrix Africa|Efficiency|Eskom|Gas|India|Industrial|International Energy Agency|Pipe|PROJECT|Projects|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|Safety|Storage|Storage Technology|Technology|Training|transport|Africa|Europe|China|Netherlands|South Africa|United States|Accelerated Renewable-energy Efforts|Coal-based Energy Solutions|Electricity|Electricity Producer|Energy|Energy Demand|Energy Efficiency Improvements|Equipment|Flue-gas Streams|Low-carbon Energy Technologies|Solutions|Storage Site|Environmental|Infrastructure|Juho Lipponen|Lodewijk Nell|Pipe|The CCS Advances|Low-carbon Energy Technologies
Engineering||Africa|CoAL|Efficiency|Eskom|Gas|Industrial|Pipe|PROJECT|Projects|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|Safety|Storage|Technology|Training|transport|Africa|||Energy|Equipment|Solutions||Environmental|Infrastructure||Pipe||
© Reuse this

South Africa, which relies primarily on coal to produce most of its electricity, is set to raise the profile of its carbon capture and storage (CCS) initiatives in 2013, amid a call from the International Energy Agency (IEA) for a renewed focus on the deployment of CCS as part of international efforts to reduce climate-altering carbon emissions.

The agency warned early in January that the goal of limiting the global temperature rise to only 2 °C by 2050 will be impossible without CCS, which it sees as a necessary addition to other low-carbon energy technologies and energy efficiency improvements.

During 2012, Cabinet endorsed the ‘Carbon Capture and Storage Roadmap’ developed by the South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage as one of the options for mitigating carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions – South Africa emitted about 600-million tons of CO2 in 2010.

The endorsement followed a voluntarily commitment to reduce the country’s CO2 emissions by 34% in 2020 and by 42% in 2025, on condition that South Africa received technological and financial support.

It was also made despite ongoing skepticism over the role of CCS, which critics view as an unhelpful diversion of attention away from accelerated renewable-energy efforts. Some environmental groups even see CCS as a cynical attempt to prolong the use of fossil fuels.

However, the IEA has listed the CCS progress as a key 2013 priority, cautioning that high costs and an absence of incentives will continue to delay implementation of this “critical element to limiting climate change”.

Such incentives are likely to be required owing to the costs of locating and developing a storage site, preparing the infrastructure to pipe the CO2 and installing the equipment required to capture and compress CO2 from various flue-gas streams.

Fossil fuels, the agency says, are still likely to provide 45% of the world’s primary energy demand by 2050, even under its 2-degree temperature-rise scenario, also dubbed ‘2DS’.

CCS, which aims to capture, transport and store the CO2 in deep geological formations, could provide 20% of the carbon cuts needed by 2050 under 2DS, but would require the roll-out of 3 000 plants.

In fact, the IEA’s ‘World Energy Outlook 2012’ asserts that, without significant deployment of CCS, more than two-thirds of current proven fossil-fuel reserves cannot be commercialised in a 2DS world before 2050.

“Fossil-fuel CCS is particularly important in a world that currently shows absolutely no sign of scaling down its fossil fuel consumption,” IEA Carbon Capture and Storage Technology Unit head Juho Lipponen adds.

A recent Economist magazine article notes that China’s demand for energy has been a key factor driving demand for fossil fuels in recent years, with the Asian giant having overtaken the US as the world’s biggest electricity producer in 2011. But other developing economies, including South Africa, are also pursuing coal-based energy solutions and India could be poised to surpass the US as the world’s second-largest coal consumer by 2017.

In such a context, Lipponen argues that action on storage-site screening and development is a key priority to ensure that approval processes for such sites do not impede new CCS installations.

But governments will also need to assess what role CCS will play in their future energy mixes, while practical incentives will also be required to stimulate projects. The IEA itself is revising its CCS technology roadmap, with the new version expected during the first half of 2013.

In South Africa, a Carbon Atlas has been published and preparations are under way, in line with the Cabinet-endorsed roadmap, for the first “test injection” by 2016.

Should the concept be proven, the next step would be the development of a demonstration plant by 2020 as a precursor to a commercial-scale facility by 2025.

In February, the European Commission (EC), along with Eskom and EcoMetrix Africa, will host a conference in Johannesburg at which information will be shared on some of the CCS advances being made in Europe under the so-called Octavius research programme.

Octavius, which began in March last year, is a five-year EC-funded project falling under the seventh framework programme. It is coordinated by public-sector research and training centre IFPEN with the intention of demonstrating energy-efficient CO2 capture processes at industrial pilot plants in Europe.

EcoMetrix Africa director Lodewijk Nell tells Engineering News Online that the focus on carbon-capture solutions is viewed as appropriate, as capture is an expensive step within a chain that also involves transportation and storage.

Nell says the aim of the conference idea is to share lessons with South African stakeholders arising from three pilot projects so as to begin extrapolating what those results could mean in the South African context.

EcoMetrix Africa is already using some of the results to develop a theoretical model for the domestic application of a capturing solution premised on using an amine solution to absorb the CO2 – a process being piloted at an E.ON facility in Rotterdam, in the Netherlands.

Meanwhile, the IEA acknowledges that the adoption of CCS has been slow. But it says the good news is that the required technologies have been proven across a range of industries over several decades. In fact, the Global CCS Institute lists more than 70 large-scale integrated CCS facilities across the world in various stages of development.

“It is critical that as many of these projects as possible reach fruition this decade to perfect the technology and show CCS’s value and safety to the public,” the agency concludes.

Edited by: Creamer Media Reporter
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
Other Electricity News
Updated 4 hours ago A power-generating ship was officially welcomed at Ghana's main port on Sunday after arriving the previous day in what Power Minister Kwabena Donkor said was a bid to keep the country on track to end chronic blackouts. Power has become a political issue, and anger...
Updated 4 hours ago Eskom has installed a R144 million transformer in Arconhoek in a bid to ensure reliable power supply to the communities in rural Bushbuckridge local municipality, Mpumalanga. Eskom spokesperson, Khulu Phasiwe said the commissioning of a new transformer at the...
Updated 4 hours ago Egypt is due to start producing power from its first of four nuclear reactors by 2024, the country's Prime Minister said on Saturday, nine days after it signed an agreement with Moscow to build a power plant to meet its rising energy needs. On Nov. 19, Egypt said...
Latest News
Teddy Daka
Updated 33 minutes ago The June addition of technology investment group Parsec Holdings to the Ansys stable has invigorated the niche technology-driven engineering group’s interim performance, precipitating a 93% uptick in revenue to R155.1-million and a 333% improvement in earnings before...
Anglo American's Kumba Iron Ore under strain at Sishen in Northern Cape
Updated 1 hour 44 minutes ago The iron-ore price on Singapore's most active iron-ore futures market was below $40/t for the first time, Investec noted on Monday, when it reported that additional iron-ore supply was about to be shipped from Gina Rinehart’s new Roy Hill iron-ore mine, in Australia....
Updated 2 hours 42 minutes ago World leaders will launch an ambitious attempt on Monday to hold back the earth's rising temperatures, urging each other to find common cause in two weeks of bargaining meant to steer the global economy away from dependence on fossil fuels. They arrive at United...
Recent Research Reports
Water 2015: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2015 Report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context but also in the African and global context in terms of supply and demand, water stress and insecurity, and access to water and sanitation, besides others.
Input Sector Review: Pumps 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2015 Input Sector Review on Pumps provides an overview of South Africa’s pumps industry with particular focus on pump manufacture and supply, aftermarket services, marketing strategies, local and export demand, imports, sector support, investment...
Liquid Fuels 2015: A review of South Africa's liquid fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2015 Report examines these issues in the context of South Africa’s business environment; oil and gas exploration; fuel pricing; the development of the country’s biofuels industry; the logistics of transporting liquid fuels; and...
Road and Rail 2015: A review of South Africa's road and rail sectors (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2015 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail infrastructure and network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and...
Defence 2015: A review of South Africa's defence sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Coal 2015 report examines South Africa’s coal industry with regards to the business environment, the key participants in the sector, local demand, export sales and coal logistics, projects being undertaken by the large and smaller participants in the...
Real Economy Year Book 2015 (PDF Report)
There are very few beacons of hope on South Africa’s economic horizon. Economic growth is weak, unemployment is rising, electricity supply is insufficient to meet demand and/or spur growth, with poor prospects for many of the commodities mined and exported. However,...
This Week's Magazine
The BMW Group will invest R6-billion at BMW Group South Africa’s (BMW SA’s) Rosslyn plant to produce the next-generation X3 sports-activity vehicle (SAV) for the local and export markets. Rosslyn will continue production of the current 3 Series through its lifecycle,...
The lack of consequences for poor performance and transgressions on the part of contractors remains a significant hurdle to tackling South Africa’s service delivery challenges, delegates heard at the Consulting Engineers South Africa Infrastructure Indaba, on...
City of Ekurhuleni executive mayor Mondli Gungubele earlier this month officially named the city’s bus rapid transit (BRT) system, Harambee.
NICK CHRISTODOULOU As about 58% of data stored by organisations is dark, they must identify this dark data to expose risks and valuable information
About 58% of unstructured data stored by companies is dark data, which means that the value or regulatory importance of the data has not been determined. Subsequently, most of the stored data add costs, rather than increasing revenue or reduce regulatory risks, says...
BRIAN VERWEY Effective management, review and administration of non-core elements can improve business operations and increase revenue and decrease unforeseen risks
Effective logistics, import/export and manufacturing consulting services require detailed industry knowledge and experience, but can add significant value to these industries by providing expert advice on various technical elements in their value chains, says...
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks
Subscribe Now for $96 Close
Subscribe Now for $96