http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.62Change: -0.05
R/$ = 10.58Change: -0.03
Au 1283.47 $/ozChange: 0.10
Pt 1405.00 $/ozChange: 2.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Nelson Mandela 1918 - 2013   Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science & Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Mar 22, 2013

Road-pricing reform could ease congestion, lower ‘user pays’ temperature

Back
Johannesburg|AA|REA|South African National Roads Agency Limited|Australia|South Africa|Institute Of Transport|University Of Sydney|Adequate Public Transportation|Car Registration|E-tolling|Electricity|Km Freeway Network|Rail Infrastructure|Timely Solution|Transport|David Hensher|Henscher|New South Wales|South Wales
johannesburg|aa-company|rea|south-african-national-roads-agency-limited|australia-country|south-africa|institute-of-transport|university-of-sydney-facility|adequate-public-transportation|car-registration|e-tolling|electricity|km-freeway-network|rail-infrastructure|timely-solution|transport-industry-term|david-hensher|henscher|new-south-wales|south-wales-region
More Insight
© Reuse this



The introduction of road-pricing reform is suggested by the University of Sydney’s Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies founding director, David Hensher, as a viable solution to the South African National Roads Agency Limited’s (Sanral’s) e-tolling woes.

For some time, Sanral has been aiming to introduce e-tolling on Gauteng’s 560 km freeway network in the face of extensive user resistance and litigation. However, the National Assembly recently approved legislation, paving the way for the implementation of e-tolling on the Gauteng Freeway Improvement Project.

Hensher, who is also a professor of manage-ment at the University of Sydney, in New South Wales, Australia, said that paying for roads is a global phenomenon and is resisted by users worldwide.

Speaking on the theme ‘What type of road-pricing scheme might appeal to voters and decision-makers?’ during a recent University of Johannesburg seminar, he pointed out that while citizens had no problem paying for water and electricity, they regarded roads as a different commodity and, therefore, most roads worldwide were underpriced.

Hensher, an advocate of road-pricing reform, stressed that South Africa could save citizens valuable time and money if it accepted this revenue-collection method, and noted that there was a difference between road tolling and road-pricing reform.

Road-pricing reform involves doing away with some existing road-related charges, such as car registration, because new charges, such as congestion tax, are added. Hensher pointed out that it was fundamental that government prove to the public that the revenue raised from road-pricing reform was destined for useful causes to the benefit of society.

He said: “To make road-pricing reform more attractive to the public, using cars has to become less attractive,” highlighting that successful road-pricing reform required adequate public transportation. “There has to be a viable alternative to decrease the number of cars on the roads and ease congestion.”

Henscher added that, while rail investment was important to ensure a successful road-pricing reform strategy, its implementation was a time-consuming process. A bus system, such as the bus rapid transit (BRT) systems completed or under con-struction in certain areas of South Africa’s largest cities, could, therefore, be a timely solution to help reduce traffic congestion while rail infrastructure was being expanded.

The Department of Transport has made it clear that BRT systems are crucial to the success of South Africa’s transport system. The roll-out of the City of Johannesburg’s Rea Vaya Phase 1B has been delayed until at least June, pending negotiations with the taxi industry and several bus companies, which are expected to form a bus-operating company to run the system, states roadside assistance provider AA.

Further, Hensher noted that road-pricing reform should not focus on whether the public paid enough for road use, but rather on whether the public paid for the “appropriate” road-pricing initiatives.

“It is possible to design a road-pricing system in which the users are better off paying for a congestion charge or an emission charge.”

The aim of a congestion tax is to reform the set of charges for road use and set kilometre-based charges to reflect traffic conditions, resulting in road users saving time.

“Users have the choice to either use the roads during peak times, and pay, or drive during off-peak hours, thereby decreasing congestion.”

He noted that if drivers wanted a subset of kilometres recognised as off-peak kilometres, they would have to buy an on-board vehicle meter box, which was affordable, but should preferably be provided by government. Off-peak kilometers should not be charged, resulting in road users being rewarded for helping to decrease congestion on the roads.

“Not all working citizens need to arrive at and return from work during peak times. “Many have the option of arriving at work and leaving earlier or arriving later and leaving later. “In addition, employers should trust workers to work from home and introduce flexible working hours,” Hensher said.

He further noted that government needed to ensure adequate budgets for road maintenance and that cars, especially trucks, had to be better maintained to ensure fewer breakdowns on the highways.

“When first implementing road reform, countries have to start with infrastructure that is already in place and modify it in line with a longer-term objective.”

Hensher also stressed that the public needed to move away from using “emotional language” and that the media should support road-pricing initiatives: “Words such as ‘congestion tax’ should be changed to ‘reduction benefit charge’.”

He noted that interest in congestion charging was gaining momentum, as cities worldwide struggled to reduce the effects of increasing traffic congestion on the ‘liveability’ of cities. However, despite the implementation of a wide array of travel-demand management initiatives, few had had a noticeable impact on the levels of traffic on the road networks of global metropolitan areas.

“Building more roads is not an effective solution to solving road congestion . . . an efficient road-pricing scheme is needed to ensure prosperous and liveable cities,” Hensher concluded.

Edited by: Tracy Hancock
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Roads News
BACK FROM THE DEAD The expected life span of the Pacific trucks was 25 years, but a rebuild extended its life span a further ten years
South Africa’s growth and development rely significantly on services and solutions from the heavy-hauling industry, State-owned power utility Eskom subsidiary Rotek and Roshcon head of multi-axles logistics services Dennis Child says.
More than 600 engineering students from the University of Cape Town (UCT) have come up with suggestions for what do with the city's infamous unfinished Foreshore freeway, together with the Foreshore precinct.  They range from demolishing the unfinished freeway to...
Article contains comments
More
 
 
Latest News
As industry prepares for the launch of South Africa’s digital terrestrial migration, the South African Communications Forum (SACF) hosted a workshop to determine the country’s readiness in terms of compliance of set-top boxes [STBs] and access to funding. The...
Higher Education and Training Minister Blade Nzimande
Higher Education and Training Minister Blade Nzimande has outlined plans for the development of a new health and allied sciences university into which the Medical University of Southern Africa (Medunsa) campus of the University of Limpopo, located in Ga-Rankuwa, will...
Communications Minister Yunus Carrim
The costs of communicating have to drop, Communications Minister Yunus Carrim said on Wednesday. "Clearly, the costs have to come down. It's not just in the interests of the poor and disadvantaged but the economy as a whole," Carrim said in a statement following a...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Steel 2014: A review of South Africa's steel sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Steel 2014 report provides an overview of the global steel industry and particularly of South Africa’s steel sector over the past year, including details of production and consumption, as well as the country's primary carbon steel and stainless...
Projects in Progress 2014 - First Edition (PDF Report)
This publication contains insight into progress at the delayed Medupi and Kusile coal-fired projects, in Mpumalanga and Limpopo respectively, as well as at the Ingula pumped-storage scheme, which is under construction on the border between the Free State and...
Automotive 2014: A review of South Africa's automotive sector (PDF Report)
The report provides insight into the business environment, the key participants in the sector, local construction demand, geographic diversification, competition within the sector, corporate activity, skills, safety, environmental considerations and the challenges...
Construction 2014: A review of South Africa's construction sector (PDF Report)
Construction data released during 2013 hints at a halt to the decline in the industry during the last few years, with some commentators averring that the industry could be poised for recovery. However, others have urged caution, noting that the prospects for a...
Electricity 2014: A Review of South Africa's Electricity Sector (PDF Report)
This report provides an overview of the state of electricity generation and transmission in South Africa and examines electricity planning, investment in generation capacity, electricity tariffs, the role of independent power producers and demand-focused initiatives,...
Defence 2013: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2013 Defence Report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key players in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the defence sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial...
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
The Electronic Systems Laboratory (ESL) of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Stellenbosch University is strongly reaffirming its position as one of South Africa’s leading centres for satellite technology and expertise. It is currently...
MORE IN SA Phase 2 should see local content on the mainline locomotive increase from 65% to 80% by the end of 2014
The world’s lowest-cost diesel-electric locomotive is not made in China, but in Pretoria, at RRL Grindrod Locomotives’ newly upgraded 30 000 m2 plant. The company’s locomotive pricing is “more competitive than any other original-equipment manufacturer (OEM)...
The South African Defence Review 2012, released to the public at the end of last month (despite the year given in its title) recommends the creation of the post of Chief Defence Scientist. This official would be responsible for the management of defence technology...
AltX-listed engineering technology company Ansys has been awarded an R188-million contract by Transnet to supply integrated dashboard display systems to the freight rail utility’s locomotives. Black-owned and controlled Ansys developed the bespoke integrated system...
South Africa’s sole nuclear power station Koeberg, which is located in the Western Cape, breached a major operations milestone on April 4, which marked the thirtieth anniversary of Unit 1 having been connected to the grid. Eskom, which operates the two-unit plant,...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks