http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.35Change: -0.04
R/$ = 10.72Change: -0.04
Au 1283.45 $/ozChange: 1.20
Pt 1462.70 $/ozChange: 1.70
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Jul 24, 2012

Location a key determinant of SA’s opportunity inequality – report

Back
World Bank lead economist for South Africa Sandeep Mahajan and poverty reduction and economic management network lead economist Ambar Narayan on South Africa's Human Opportunity Index performance. Camera Work: Nicholas Boyd. Editing: Darlene Creamer. Recorded: 24.7.2012.
Johannesburg|Salvador|Africa|Education|Water|Africa|El Salvador|Honduras|Nicaragua|South Africa|Bank|Electricity|Health Insurance|Healthcare|Ambar Narayan|Infrastructure|Water
|Africa|Education|Water|Africa|||Infrastructure|Water
johannesburg|salvador|africa-company|education-company|water-company|africa|el-salvador|honduras|nicaragua|south-africa|bank|electricity|health-insurance|healthcare|ambar-narayan|infrastructure|water
© Reuse this



Where a South African child is born and lives remains the single largest factor in determining access, or otherwise, to basic opportunities such as education, healthcare, water, sanitation, electricity and early childhood development programmes, a new World Bank report shows.

The finding emerged though the application of the bank’s Human Opportunity Index (HOI) methodology, which uses public domain statistics to measure inequality of opportunity in a society.

Poverty reduction and economic management network lead economist Ambar Narayan, who presented the findings in Johannesburg on Tuesday as part of the release of the bank’s biannual ‘South Africa Economic Update’, said the prevailing disparities in opportunity between a child living in a suburb as opposed to those in an urban township, or a rural village, were “huge”.

This spatial factor was a key determinant of the level of access a child had to basic infrastructure such as water, sanitation and electricity.

The second most important factor in the prevailing inequalities of opportunity related to the education of the head of the household, which typically determined the level of access to quality education and health insurance.

The report found that racial factors remained dominant, but that these diminished “once you take into account all the other circumstances”, such as parental education, location and the composition of a household. Nevertheless, the disparity among race groups in South Africa remained large.

The HOI analysis also showed that, while the coverage rate in the provision of services was important to encouraging more equality of opportunity, high coverage rates could also conceal variation in the quality of such services.

For instance, South Africa had near universal coverage in primary education, with school attendance being close to 100% and among the best among comparator countries.

However, the poor quality of education could be seen in the fact that only around 50% of those learners completed their primary schooling on time, which was similar to rates achieved in far poorer countries such as Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras.

The bank acknowledged that the country had improved from a low base, but Narayan noted that South Africa’s rate of progress between 2002 and 2010 had been “distinctly lower than the majority of Latin American countries and comparable with other sub-Saharan countries”.

On the yearly average rates of HOI-measured improvement in finishing primary school on time and access to safe water and improved sanitation, South Africa ranks sixteenth, fourteenth and eleventh, respectively, out of 23 countries. However, the country had outperformed in the area of electrification.

Similarly, in the labour market, inequality of opportunity in employment is high, while the situation was particularly challenging for young workers, as well as residents of townships, informal settlements and rural areas.

“An equitable society would not allow circumstances over which the individual has no control to influence her or his basic opportunities after birth. Whether a person is born a boy or a girl, black or white, in a township or leafy suburb, to an educated and well-off parent or otherwise should not be relevant to reaching his or her full potential,” the report notes.

But it also states that for an unequal society, such as South Africa, there were “no simple, elegant policy solutions in the quest for equity”.

Edited by: Creamer Media Reporter
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Economy News
Updated 3 hours ago A well-defined corporate culture, philosophy and principles, along with industry experts in all of its diverse industry channels, enable information technology (IT) services company EOH to achieve strong and sustained growth. EOH CEO Asher Bohbot notes that all its...
Updated 3 hours ago Businesses struggling to grasp the amended Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) Codes of Good Practice can now use The Practical Guide to Amended B-BBEE Codes of Good Practice to help them understand the new regulations.
Updated 3 hours ago South African missiles, unmanned air vehicles, systems integration and space company Denel Dynamics, part of the State-owned Denel defence industrial group, is most optimistic about its prospects. “The future is looking very exciting,” enthuses Denel Dynamics CEO...
More
 
 
Latest News
Independent, black-owned and managed investment holding company Southern Palace Properties has acquired an 8% stake in Growthpoint Properties from the Public Investment Corporation’s (PIC’s) Government Employees Pension Fund (GEPF) for R4.5-billion. Standard Bank...
Shareholders of JSE-listed real estate investment trusts (REITs) Octodec and Premium Properties have approved the proposed merger of the two companies, creating a combined property fund that will attract a market capitalisation in excess of R5-billion and comprise...
The Metal and Engineering Industries Bargaining Council (MEIBC) this week called on employees and employers to exercise restraint as the metals and engineering industries resumed operations following a four-week strike, stating that it regretted the strike’s...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the automotive industry over the past 12 months, including an overview of South Africa’s automotive market, trade figures, production and the policies influencing the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the construction industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the sector and includes details of employment in the sector, infrastructure and municipal spending, as well as insight into companies’...
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the electricity industry over the past 12 months, including details of State-owned power utility Eskom’s generation activities, funding and tariffs, independent power producers and prospects for the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Road and Rail 2014 (PDF Report)
This six-page brief covers key developments in the road and rail industries over the past 12 months, including details of South Africa’s road and rail network and prospects for both sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Steel 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the steel industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the global and South African steel and stainless steel markets, South Africa’s major steel producers and events that have shaped these markets.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
Updated 3 hours ago South African construction company Group Five says work on the rehabilitation of the 800 km stretch of the Plumtree–Mutare highway, in Zimbabwe, should be completed by the end of this year. Giving evidence before the Parliamentary Porfolio Committee on Transport...
SINGLE EXPERIMENT An artist’s impression of OCO-2 in orbit
Updated 3 hours ago The Space Operations division of the South African National Space Agency (Sansa) revealed on July 17 that it had supported the successful launch of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite on July 2. The...
RICE TAG The real costs of operating Rea Vaya have become clear
Updated 3 hours ago Phase 1A of Johannesburg’s Rea Vaya bus rapid transit (BRT) system should carry around 42 000 people a day, while it was been expected that Phase 1B, rolled out last year, would add another 60 000 daily passengers. However, the entire system is currently carrying...
Updated 3 hours ago A stormwater project in Bedforview, east of Johannesburg, has stalled for eight months after project managers in the Ekurhuleni municipality resigned and municipal managers were placed on special leave without designating replacements. Construction to reinforce the...
Updated 3 hours ago The design of the Beit Bridge border post is the biggest impediment to efficient freight movement between Zimbabwe and South Africa, says Cross-border Road Transport Agency CEO Sipho Khumalo. Beit Bridge is the busiest border post in Africa. A research study on the...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks