http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 13.89Change: -0.09
R/$ = 12.72Change: -0.21
Au 1084.91 $/ozChange: -10.58
Pt 981.00 $/ozChange: -4.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Letters Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Jul 24, 2012

Location a key determinant of SA’s opportunity inequality – report

Back
World Bank lead economist for South Africa Sandeep Mahajan and poverty reduction and economic management network lead economist Ambar Narayan on South Africa's Human Opportunity Index performance. Camera Work: Nicholas Boyd. Editing: Darlene Creamer. Recorded: 24.7.2012.
 
 
 
Johannesburg|Salvador|Africa|Education|Health|Water|Africa|El Salvador|Honduras|Nicaragua|South Africa|Bank|Electricity|Health Insurance|Healthcare|Services|Solutions|Ambar Narayan|Infrastructure|Water
|Africa|Education|Health|Water|Africa||Services|Solutions|Infrastructure|Water
johannesburg|salvador|africa-company|education-company|health|water-company|africa|el-salvador|honduras|nicaragua|south-africa|bank|electricity|health-insurance|healthcare|services|solutions|ambar-narayan|infrastructure|water
© Reuse this



Where a South African child is born and lives remains the single largest factor in determining access, or otherwise, to basic opportunities such as education, healthcare, water, sanitation, electricity and early childhood development programmes, a new World Bank report shows.

The finding emerged though the application of the bank’s Human Opportunity Index (HOI) methodology, which uses public domain statistics to measure inequality of opportunity in a society.

Poverty reduction and economic management network lead economist Ambar Narayan, who presented the findings in Johannesburg on Tuesday as part of the release of the bank’s biannual ‘South Africa Economic Update’, said the prevailing disparities in opportunity between a child living in a suburb as opposed to those in an urban township, or a rural village, were “huge”.

This spatial factor was a key determinant of the level of access a child had to basic infrastructure such as water, sanitation and electricity.

The second most important factor in the prevailing inequalities of opportunity related to the education of the head of the household, which typically determined the level of access to quality education and health insurance.

The report found that racial factors remained dominant, but that these diminished “once you take into account all the other circumstances”, such as parental education, location and the composition of a household. Nevertheless, the disparity among race groups in South Africa remained large.

The HOI analysis also showed that, while the coverage rate in the provision of services was important to encouraging more equality of opportunity, high coverage rates could also conceal variation in the quality of such services.

For instance, South Africa had near universal coverage in primary education, with school attendance being close to 100% and among the best among comparator countries.

However, the poor quality of education could be seen in the fact that only around 50% of those learners completed their primary schooling on time, which was similar to rates achieved in far poorer countries such as Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras.

The bank acknowledged that the country had improved from a low base, but Narayan noted that South Africa’s rate of progress between 2002 and 2010 had been “distinctly lower than the majority of Latin American countries and comparable with other sub-Saharan countries”.

On the yearly average rates of HOI-measured improvement in finishing primary school on time and access to safe water and improved sanitation, South Africa ranks sixteenth, fourteenth and eleventh, respectively, out of 23 countries. However, the country had outperformed in the area of electrification.

Similarly, in the labour market, inequality of opportunity in employment is high, while the situation was particularly challenging for young workers, as well as residents of townships, informal settlements and rural areas.

“An equitable society would not allow circumstances over which the individual has no control to influence her or his basic opportunities after birth. Whether a person is born a boy or a girl, black or white, in a township or leafy suburb, to an educated and well-off parent or otherwise should not be relevant to reaching his or her full potential,” the report notes.

But it also states that for an unequal society, such as South Africa, there were “no simple, elegant policy solutions in the quest for equity”.

Edited by: Creamer Media Reporter
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Economy News
Updated 11 minutes ago At least 71% of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) consider load-shedding the biggest external threat to their businesses this year.
Updated 25 minutes ago Western Cape winery Audacia on Thursday launched its sulphite-free white wine made using Honeybush and Rooibos chips, and it is developing a low-sugar, low-alcohol wine. Western Cape Economic Opportunities Minister Alan Winde noted that the products were a boost for...
Thabo Mbeki
Updated 2 hours 12 minutes ago One of the major tasks which faced universities was advocacy to convince the political class in Africa that institutions of learning are “indeed situated at the centre of the African development agenda” and therefore need new significant investment to improve their...
More
 
 
Latest News
Updated 11 minutes ago At least 71% of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) consider load-shedding the biggest external threat to their businesses this year.
Updated 25 minutes ago Western Cape winery Audacia on Thursday launched its sulphite-free white wine made using Honeybush and Rooibos chips, and it is developing a low-sugar, low-alcohol wine. Western Cape Economic Opportunities Minister Alan Winde noted that the products were a boost for...
Updated 48 minutes ago Hino has embarked on a strategy to become the number one truck brand in South Africa by 2020, says Hino South Africa (SA) VP Ernie Trautmann. Hino is currently placed third in the market, trailing Mercedes-Benz and Isuzu Trucks.
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Real Economy Year Book 2015 (PDF Report)
There are very few beacons of hope on South Africa’s economic horizon. Economic growth is weak, unemployment is rising, electricity supply is insufficient to meet demand and/or spur growth, with poor prospects for many of the commodities mined and exported. However,...
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Real Economy Year Book comprises separate reports under the banner Real Economy Insight and investigates key developments in the automotive, construction, electricity, road and rail, steel, water, gold, iron-ore and platinum sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Water 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Real Economy Year Book has been divided into individual reports under the banner Real Economy Insight and investigates key developments in the automotive, construction, electricity, road and rail, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Real Economy Year Book has been divided into individual reports under the banner Real Economy Insight and investigates key developments in the automotive, construction, electricity, road and rail, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Real Economy Year Book has been divided into individual reports under the banner Real Economy Insight and investigates key developments in the automotive, construction, electricity, road and rail, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Road and Rail 2015 (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Real Economy Year Book has been divided into individual reports under the banner Real Economy Insight and investigates key developments in the automotive, construction, electricity, road and rail, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum sectors.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
Meyerton-based steel tank manufacturer Structa Technology is currently rolling out a water infrastructure build programme that supports local municipalities, water utilities, schools, hospitals and clinics.
Alternative funding models could be expected to begin coming to the fore in South Africa’s renewable-energy sector as the market becomes more competitive and domestic development finance institutions (DFIs) begin scaling back their direct involvement in projects....
DIMITRI MARKOULIDES An innovation champion must involve employees in innovation projects and keep them updated to enable them to support and drive innovation and create the future of the business
An innovation champion course that trains executives to manage innovation in their organisations aims to help companies grow revenue streams and tap new markets, says business change management consultancy BMGI South Africa innovation practice lead Dimitri...
Future digital workplaces will require employees to continuously learn new “literacies”, including new media, information and technical skills, to help their company thrive and spur personal growth. Information technology (IT) research firm Gartner, thus, suggests...
Only 25% of large construction projects surveyed in KPMG’s Global Construction Project Owner’s Survey, released in June, were concluded on time and within budget over the last three years. “Every project owner wants predictability when it comes to large projects, and...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks
Subscribe Now for $96 Close
Subscribe Now for $96