http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.60Change: -0.03
R/$ = 10.56Change: -0.01
Au 1282.77 $/ozChange: -0.60
Pt 1401.00 $/ozChange: -2.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Nelson Mandela 1918 - 2013   Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science & Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Nov 03, 2000

Hydrogen and fuel-cells – the latest

Back
Berlin|Kirchheim|London|Westminster|Ballard Power Systems|DaimlerChrysler|Energy|Engines|European Fuel-Cell Group|Ford Motor Company|InDEC Pilot Production|Power|PROJECT|Renewable Energy|Solar Energy Systems|System|Systems|Teck|Zcellsis|ZeTek Power|Europe|Belgium|Canada|Germany|The Netherlands|United States|Car’s Electric Motor|Chemical Reaction|Clean Renewable Energy|Electric Car|Electrical Energy|Electricity|Electricity Need|Electronic Devices|Energy Systems|Fuel-cell Project Group|Portable Electronic Equipment|Portable Electronic Power Tools|PortablenElectronic Equipment|Technology&rsquo|Transport|Typical Applications
berlin|kirchheim|london|westminster|ballard-power-systems|daimlerchrysler|energy-company|engines|european-fuelcell-group|ford-motor-company|indec-pilot-production|power-company|project|renewable-energy|solar-energy-systems-company|system|systems-company|teck|zcellsis|zetek-power|europe|belgium|canada|germany|the-netherlands|united-states|carrsquos-electric-motor|chemical-reaction|clean-renewable-energy|electric-car|electrical-energy|electricity|electricity-need|electronic-devices|energy-systems|fuelcell-project-group|portable-electronic-equipment|portable-electronic-power-tools|portablenelectronic-equipment|technologyrsquo|transport-industry-term|typical-applications
© Reuse this By Karel Smrcka Motor vehicles running on hydrogen, fuel-cells supplying electric power for mobile telephones and laptops, and fuel-cells developed for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) space shuttles: these are just some of the exhibits that could be seen at the joint display stands devoted to hydrogen and fuel-cells at Hanover Fair 2000 in Germany earlier this year. Continuing technical advances and the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions are the driving force behind the worldwide development of new commercial applications for hydrogen and fuel- cells. Scientists believe that hydrogen has a key role to play as a future source of clean renewable energy for the planet. Fuel-cells are used to convert hydrogen efficiently into electric power and heat – and the process is entirely pollution-free. A group of 20 firms and scientific institutions presented displays of their work at the ‘innovations, market research and technology’ part of the exhibition.

Necar DaimlerChrysler’s fuel-cell project group presented the fuel-cell concept study, Necar (new electric car). The vehicle’s fuel tank is filled with methanol, with an on-board reformer that converts methanol to hydrogen. The chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen in the fuel-cell produces electrical energy to power the vehicle’s electric motor. Fuel-cell cars should be on sale by 2004. The joint display stand featured a full-size cutaway model of the Necar, based on a Mercedes-Benz A-class model. Zcellsis, a new company based in Kirchheim/Teck-Nabern, was jointly set up in 1997 by DaimlerChrysler; Ford Motor Company, in the US; and Ballard Power Systems, in Canada; to develop and manufacture a new type of power-plant to replace the internal combustion engines in cars. Production and marketing are scheduled to begin in 2004. The new propulsion system relies on a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel-cell, which produces electricity from hydrogen to drive the car’s electric motor. The fuel-cell system s can be powered by either methanol or hydrogen.

Mini fuel-cell The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, in Freiburg, was displaying a mini fuel-cell for portable electronic equipment operating in the low-power range, with a high power-to-weight ratio of between 1 W and 50 W. This device allows laptops and camcorders to be operated without batteries. The institute for solar energy systems has been exhibiting regularly at the joint display stand, since it was first introduced in 1995. The Baden-Wuerttemberg Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research presented its own range of portable fuel-cells, which are designed for substantial power outputs in everyday use. These fuel-cells use hydrogen supplied from a hybrid accumulator, which is mixed with oxygen from the air. At the Gerhard Mercator University, in Duisburg, the department of mechanical engineering has also been working on the development of low-cost portable fuel-cells, aimed at a mass market. Typical applications include the supply of power for electronic devices, such as compact-disc players, laptops and other computers and portable electronic power tools, as well as helping to supply the general electricity need for consumers.

Fuel-cells and fuel-cell stacks Proton Motor Fuel-Cell, from Starnberg, develops and manufactures fuel-cells and fuel-stacks, together with elements and systems components. The company is currently working on systems with a power output of up to 60 kW, and has already produced a 30 kW fuel-cell unit for use in cars, and a larger 60 kW system for buses on local public transport routes.

Another organisation, Research Centre Juelich, presented examples of its work, such as combined energy supply-and-storage systems, and a high-pressure electrolyser for direct energy supply, based on solid-oxide fuel-cells.

New-millennium fuel Hydrogen as the new-millennium fuel was the boast of the German Hydrogen Association, in Berlin, which represents a number of leading German companies, but which also has a substantial private membership. This institution is working to promote hydrogen as a clean and sustainable medium for the storage of primary energy, and to secure its early adoption by the energy industry as part of a new environment-friendly energy strategy.

The European Fuel-Cell Group, from the Netherlands, is supporting the introduction of fuel-cells as a highly-efficient and clean technology for producing heat and energy within Europe.

The Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN) is the largest independent organisation engaged in energy research in the Netherlands. Its research effort is mainly concentrated in the area of renewable energy sources (solar, wind and biomass), under the motto ‘Working for the world’s future’. The ECN’s subsidiary, InDEC Pilot Production, contributed to the joint display as a manufacturer of electroceramic components, typically used in fuel-cells, electrocatalytic reactors and in the form of ceramic membranes for the separation of gases.

The French Atomic Energy Commission, in Grenoble, promotes work with hydrogen and fuel-cells, develops polymer electrolyte membranes, fuel-cell components and carries out research into hydrogen accumulator capacities.

Belgium was represented by Hydrogen Systems, the market leader in its field, and presented an innovative concept for hydrogen production. The devices manufactured by the company are designed for an output of between 3 Nm3 and 120 Nm3 an hour, and large numbers are already in service around the world. The company has also produced Europe’s first hydrogen-powered city bus, which was unveiled to the visiting international public at the Hanover fair.

British company ZeTek Power is involved in the development of hydrogen-powered taxis, and the first commercial sales of this vehicle were confirmed in December 1999, when an order was placed by the City of Westminster (London). In the meantime, ZeTek has also developed a second-generation fuel-cell that no longer has to be hand-built in the laboratory, but is specially designed for automated production methods.

Edited by: System Author
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Automotive News
New car prices should, on average, increase between 8% and 11% this year, compared with 3% last year, predicted Combined Motor Holdings (CMH) group CEO Jebb McIntosh on Wednesday. He said in Johannesburg that some some importers had already upped the price tags on...
Hino South Africa (SA) will open its new truck plant on May 21. Hino SA is a subsidiary of Toyota South Africa Motors (TSAM). The truck plant has been relocated in a R54-million investment, as TSAM required additional space for production of the Quest Corolla sedan,...
Peugeot Citroën South Africa (PCSA) is “fighting as a team” to secure local assembly of the Peugeot 301 in South Africa, says PCSA MD Francis Harnie. He says the entry-level sedan is only available in left-hand drive at the moment, and that PCSA wants the...
Article contains comments
More
 
 
Latest News
Updated 3 minutes ago The extensive compliance processes instilled to regulate the manufacturing of the set-top boxes (STBs) required for South Africa’s migration to digital terrestrial television (DTT) has emerged as a serious weakness as industry gears up for the imminent and...
Updated 33 minutes ago Honda has unveiled the newest version of Asimo, its advanced humanoid robot, now featuring the ability to communicate in sign language and climb stairs without stopping. Asimo, which stands for Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility, was first introduced 14 years ago....
DPE director-general Tshediso Matona
Updated 44 minutes ago Department of Public Enterprises (DPE) director-general Tshediso Matona confirms that the interdepartmental task team established to find a solution to Eskom’s financial problems has agreed that further support will be required. However, he says it is premature to...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Steel 2014: A review of South Africa's steel sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Steel 2014 report provides an overview of the global steel industry and particularly of South Africa’s steel sector over the past year, including details of production and consumption, as well as the country's primary carbon steel and stainless...
Projects in Progress 2014 - First Edition (PDF Report)
This publication contains insight into progress at the delayed Medupi and Kusile coal-fired projects, in Mpumalanga and Limpopo respectively, as well as at the Ingula pumped-storage scheme, which is under construction on the border between the Free State and...
Automotive 2014: A review of South Africa's automotive sector (PDF Report)
The report provides insight into the business environment, the key participants in the sector, local construction demand, geographic diversification, competition within the sector, corporate activity, skills, safety, environmental considerations and the challenges...
Construction 2014: A review of South Africa's construction sector (PDF Report)
Construction data released during 2013 hints at a halt to the decline in the industry during the last few years, with some commentators averring that the industry could be poised for recovery. However, others have urged caution, noting that the prospects for a...
Electricity 2014: A Review of South Africa's Electricity Sector (PDF Report)
This report provides an overview of the state of electricity generation and transmission in South Africa and examines electricity planning, investment in generation capacity, electricity tariffs, the role of independent power producers and demand-focused initiatives,...
Defence 2013: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s 2013 Defence Report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key players in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the defence sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial...
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
The Electronic Systems Laboratory (ESL) of the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Stellenbosch University is strongly reaffirming its position as one of South Africa’s leading centres for satellite technology and expertise. It is currently...
MORE IN SA Phase 2 should see local content on the mainline locomotive increase from 65% to 80% by the end of 2014
The world’s lowest-cost diesel-electric locomotive is not made in China, but in Pretoria, at RRL Grindrod Locomotives’ newly upgraded 30 000 m2 plant. The company’s locomotive pricing is “more competitive than any other original-equipment manufacturer (OEM)...
The South African Defence Review 2012, released to the public at the end of last month (despite the year given in its title) recommends the creation of the post of Chief Defence Scientist. This official would be responsible for the management of defence technology...
AltX-listed engineering technology company Ansys has been awarded an R188-million contract by Transnet to supply integrated dashboard display systems to the freight rail utility’s locomotives. Black-owned and controlled Ansys developed the bespoke integrated system...
South Africa’s sole nuclear power station Koeberg, which is located in the Western Cape, breached a major operations milestone on April 4, which marked the thirtieth anniversary of Unit 1 having been connected to the grid. Eskom, which operates the two-unit plant,...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks