http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.34Change: 0.02
R/$ = 11.16Change: 0.01
Au 1223.37 $/ozChange: 1.94
Pt 1334.00 $/ozChange: 3.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Nov 03, 2000

Hydrogen and fuel-cells – the latest

Back
Berlin|Engineering|Kirchheim|London|Westminster|Ballard Power Systems|Components|DaimlerChrysler|Engines|European Fuel-Cell Group|Ford Motor Company|InDEC Pilot Production|PROJECT|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|Solar Energy Systems|System|Systems|Teck|Zcellsis|ZeTek Power|Europe|Belgium|Canada|Germany|The Netherlands|United States|Car’s Electric Motor|Chemical Reaction|Clean Renewable Energy|Electric Car|Electrical Energy|Electricity|Electricity Need|Electronic Devices|Energy|Energy Systems|Equipment|Fuel-cell Project Group|Portable Electronic Equipment|Portable Electronic Power Tools|PortablenElectronic Equipment|Service|Systems|Technology&rsquo|Transport|Typical Applications|Power
Engineering||Components|Engines|PROJECT|Renewable Energy|Renewable-Energy|System|Systems||||Energy|Equipment|Service|Systems|Transport||Power
berlin|engineering|kirchheim|london|westminster|ballard-power-systems|components|daimlerchrysler|engines|european-fuelcell-group|ford-motor-company|indec-pilot-production|project|renewable-energy|renewable-energy-company|solar-energy-systems-company|system|systems-company|teck|zcellsis|zetek-power|europe|belgium|canada|germany|the-netherlands|united-states|carrsquos-electric-motor|chemical-reaction|clean-renewable-energy|electric-car|electrical-energy|electricity|electricity-need|electronic-devices|energy|energy-systems|equipment|fuelcell-project-group|portable-electronic-equipment|portable-electronic-power-tools|portablenelectronic-equipment|service|systems|technologyrsquo|transport-industry-term|typical-applications|power
© Reuse this By Karel Smrcka Motor vehicles running on hydrogen, fuel-cells supplying electric power for mobile telephones and laptops, and fuel-cells developed for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) space shuttles: these are just some of the exhibits that could be seen at the joint display stands devoted to hydrogen and fuel-cells at Hanover Fair 2000 in Germany earlier this year. Continuing technical advances and the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions are the driving force behind the worldwide development of new commercial applications for hydrogen and fuel- cells. Scientists believe that hydrogen has a key role to play as a future source of clean renewable energy for the planet. Fuel-cells are used to convert hydrogen efficiently into electric power and heat – and the process is entirely pollution-free. A group of 20 firms and scientific institutions presented displays of their work at the ‘innovations, market research and technology’ part of the exhibition.

Necar DaimlerChrysler’s fuel-cell project group presented the fuel-cell concept study, Necar (new electric car). The vehicle’s fuel tank is filled with methanol, with an on-board reformer that converts methanol to hydrogen. The chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen in the fuel-cell produces electrical energy to power the vehicle’s electric motor. Fuel-cell cars should be on sale by 2004. The joint display stand featured a full-size cutaway model of the Necar, based on a Mercedes-Benz A-class model. Zcellsis, a new company based in Kirchheim/Teck-Nabern, was jointly set up in 1997 by DaimlerChrysler; Ford Motor Company, in the US; and Ballard Power Systems, in Canada; to develop and manufacture a new type of power-plant to replace the internal combustion engines in cars. Production and marketing are scheduled to begin in 2004. The new propulsion system relies on a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel-cell, which produces electricity from hydrogen to drive the car’s electric motor. The fuel-cell system s can be powered by either methanol or hydrogen.

Mini fuel-cell The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, in Freiburg, was displaying a mini fuel-cell for portable electronic equipment operating in the low-power range, with a high power-to-weight ratio of between 1 W and 50 W. This device allows laptops and camcorders to be operated without batteries. The institute for solar energy systems has been exhibiting regularly at the joint display stand, since it was first introduced in 1995. The Baden-Wuerttemberg Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research presented its own range of portable fuel-cells, which are designed for substantial power outputs in everyday use. These fuel-cells use hydrogen supplied from a hybrid accumulator, which is mixed with oxygen from the air. At the Gerhard Mercator University, in Duisburg, the department of mechanical engineering has also been working on the development of low-cost portable fuel-cells, aimed at a mass market. Typical applications include the supply of power for electronic devices, such as compact-disc players, laptops and other computers and portable electronic power tools, as well as helping to supply the general electricity need for consumers.

Fuel-cells and fuel-cell stacks Proton Motor Fuel-Cell, from Starnberg, develops and manufactures fuel-cells and fuel-stacks, together with elements and systems components. The company is currently working on systems with a power output of up to 60 kW, and has already produced a 30 kW fuel-cell unit for use in cars, and a larger 60 kW system for buses on local public transport routes.

Another organisation, Research Centre Juelich, presented examples of its work, such as combined energy supply-and-storage systems, and a high-pressure electrolyser for direct energy supply, based on solid-oxide fuel-cells.

New-millennium fuel Hydrogen as the new-millennium fuel was the boast of the German Hydrogen Association, in Berlin, which represents a number of leading German companies, but which also has a substantial private membership. This institution is working to promote hydrogen as a clean and sustainable medium for the storage of primary energy, and to secure its early adoption by the energy industry as part of a new environment-friendly energy strategy.

The European Fuel-Cell Group, from the Netherlands, is supporting the introduction of fuel-cells as a highly-efficient and clean technology for producing heat and energy within Europe.

The Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN) is the largest independent organisation engaged in energy research in the Netherlands. Its research effort is mainly concentrated in the area of renewable energy sources (solar, wind and biomass), under the motto ‘Working for the world’s future’. The ECN’s subsidiary, InDEC Pilot Production, contributed to the joint display as a manufacturer of electroceramic components, typically used in fuel-cells, electrocatalytic reactors and in the form of ceramic membranes for the separation of gases.

The French Atomic Energy Commission, in Grenoble, promotes work with hydrogen and fuel-cells, develops polymer electrolyte membranes, fuel-cell components and carries out research into hydrogen accumulator capacities.

Belgium was represented by Hydrogen Systems, the market leader in its field, and presented an innovative concept for hydrogen production. The devices manufactured by the company are designed for an output of between 3 Nm3 and 120 Nm3 an hour, and large numbers are already in service around the world. The company has also produced Europe’s first hydrogen-powered city bus, which was unveiled to the visiting international public at the Hanover fair.

British company ZeTek Power is involved in the development of hydrogen-powered taxis, and the first commercial sales of this vehicle were confirmed in December 1999, when an order was placed by the City of Westminster (London). In the meantime, ZeTek has also developed a second-generation fuel-cell that no longer has to be hand-built in the laboratory, but is specially designed for automated production methods.

Edited by: System Author
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Automotive Industry News
TONY SMALLWOOD New technology is ultimately heading towards creating communication between the connected car and the “smart city”
As vehicles become increasingly technologically advanced, the future of the automotive industry is shifting towards the ‘connected car’ that can communicate with external sources, such as the vehicle manufacturer, says mobile network service provider Vodacom...
TWIN ENGINE The new Volvo XC90 T8 version offers the features of a plug-in electric car, hybrid car and high-performance car
Swedish vehicle manufacturer Volvo Car Group’s new XC90 sports utility vehicle (SUV) will offer an unrivalled combination of power and efficiency with a dual engine, when the CX90 is revealed later this year.
TOYOTA SOUTH AFRICA Toyota South Africa was recognised as Energy Company of the Year in November 2013
The growth of the automotive industry, in South Africa and worldwide, is being influenced by the ways in which vehicle manufactures are creating ways of using energy efficiently, according to government initiative the National Cleaner Production Centre of South...
More
 
 
Latest News
The Standard Bank Group has been named one of the world’s greenest banks by Bloomberg Markets, ranked eighteenth out of 20 global finance institutions recognised for their investments in green-energy projects and efforts to reduce their own waste and carbon...
The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) was considering establishing an air quality index, to make information on the quality of ambient air in South Africa more accessible, DEA national air quality officer Dr Thulie Mdluli said on Tuesday. She noted that the...
Patricia de Lille, PJ Rabie and Dominic Chennells
In a boost for renewable energy, the City of Cape Town has signed its first small-scale embedded electricity generation contract with Black River Park Investments, an office park in Observatory.  The 74 000 m2 office park uses large-scale solar power systems to...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Road and Rail 2014: A review of South Africa's road and rail infrastructure (PDF report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2014 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and the push to move road...
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the automotive industry over the past 12 months, including an overview of South Africa’s automotive market, trade figures, production and the policies influencing the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the construction industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the sector and includes details of employment in the sector, infrastructure and municipal spending, as well as insight into companies’...
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the electricity industry over the past 12 months, including details of State-owned power utility Eskom’s generation activities, funding and tariffs, independent power producers and prospects for the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Road and Rail 2014 (PDF Report)
This six-page brief covers key developments in the road and rail industries over the past 12 months, including details of South Africa’s road and rail network and prospects for both sectors.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
MANUFACTURING CAPABILITY Reliable Transformers designs and manufactures dry-type and oil-filled power and distribution transformers up to 3.5 MVA
While Ekurhuleni-based transformer manufacturer Reliable Transformers currently designs, manufactures and tests its products according to the SANS 780 specifications for distribution transformers and other applicable transformer specifications, it is working towards...
GHAREEB SAAD Kaspersky Lab products contain strong heuristics engines that monitor suspicious file execution to detect attacks
Global endpoint security solutions company Kaspersky Lab has introduced new measures to prevent cyber criminals from accessing sensitive data, alongside its malware-signature and heuristic device analysis detection methods. Threats to mobile devices have increased...
MICHAEL FLETCHER Real-time information available to government when citizens use publicly funded Wi-Fi networks will enable it to communicate with citizens and provide services
To ensure uptake and a positive impact, Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) networks in cities must be provided at schools, community centres and commercial centres to enable citizens and government to access information that will improve access to and delivery of services....
Eco-estate Monaghan Farm, located near Lanseria airport, north-west of Johannesburg, has taken a new approach to modern living and sustainability with its 517 ha development, dedicated to farm living.
Forklift and lift-truck distributor Goscor Lift Hi-Reach launched the Genie SX-180, the tallest self-propelled super boom in Africa, in Johannesburg last month. “As the official distributor of the well-known Genie range of equipment in Southern Africa, we are pleased...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks