http://www.engineeringnews.co.za
  SEARCH
Login
R/€ = 14.21Change: -0.01
R/$ = 10.60Change: -0.04
Au 1299.27 $/ozChange: 1.71
Pt 1482.50 $/ozChange: 3.00
 
 
Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. Set date range to access earlier articles.
Where? With... When?








Start
 
End
 
 
And must exclude these words...
Close Main Search
Close Main Login
My Profile News Alerts Newsletters Logout Close Main Profile
 
Agriculture   Automotive   Chemicals   Competition Policy   Construction   Defence   Economy   Electricity   Energy   Environment   ICT   Metals   Mining   Science and Technology   Services   Trade   Transport & Logistics   Water  
What's On Press Office Tenders Suppliers Directory Research Jobs Announcements Contact Us
 
 
 
RSS Feed
Article   Comments   Other News   Research   Magazine  
 
 
Nov 20, 2009

Highly efficient biofuel could replace diesel

Back
Construction|Diesel|DME|Energy|Gas|Preem|PROJECT|Road|Total|Volvo|Volvo Trucks|Sweden|Chemrec Plant|By-product|Chemicals|Diesel Oil|Energy|Energy Policy|Energy-intensive Transporters|Natural Gas|Oil And Gas|Product|Transport|Transport Solutions|Environmental|Lars Mårtensson|Per Salomonsson|BIOFUELS|Diesel
Construction|Diesel|Gas|PROJECT|Road||||Energy|Oil And Gas|Transport||Environmental||
construction|diesel-company|dme|energy-company|gas-company|preem|project|road|total|volvo|volvo-trucks|sweden|chemrec-plant|byproduct|chemicals|diesel-oil|energy|energy-policy|energy-intensive-transporters|natural-gas|oil-and-gas|product|transport-industry-term|transport-solutions|environmental|lars-mrtensson|per-salomonsson|biofuels|diesel
© Reuse this

In the search for efficient alternatives to fossil fuels, producer of heavy trucks and transport solutions, Volvo Trucks, and other companies are at work, in Sweden, developing a new, highly efficient biofuel as a vehicle fuel.

Volvo Trucks is working with the European Union, the Swedish national authority for energy policy issues Swedish Energy Agency, Danish chemicals specialist Haldor Topsoe, oil and gas company Total, Swedish petroleum corporation Preem and biofuels producer Chemrec on this project, which started in September 2008, and will stretch over a total of four years.

There is a clear trend towards using increasingly large and heavy trucks for longer routes and, it is these energy-intensive transporters, reports the company, that are the focus in this strategic environmental drive by Volvo Trucks.

Dimethyl ether (DME) is a gas that is transformed into a liquid under low pressure, ensuring that its relatively straightforward to handle. As a fuel in a diesel engine, DME provides as high an efficiency rating as a traditional diesel engine, but with a lower noise level. The combustion process produces no soot, so a far simpler method of treating the exhaust gases can be used after emission. Also, the engine can produce a higher torque when starting off, which improves driveability.

EU estimates indicate that by 2030, Bio-DME has the potential to replace more than 50 % of the diesel oil currently used for heavy road transport. DME can be produced from natural gas and from a variety of biomass sources, in which case it is known as Bio-DME.

The Volvo Trucks project involves the development of DME fuel from black liquor, a by-product of the forestry industry. Alongside the Chemrec plant, in Piteå, in northern Sweden, construction has started on a facility for extracting DME from black liquor obtained from the nearby pulp plant. The cooking chemicals produced by the gasification of the black liquor are then sent back to the pulp plant, creating a closed circuit with unparalleled energy efficiency.

Volvo Technology DME project manager Per Salomonsson says that DME is the most efficient biofuel in existence, from its fuel production to its use in the engine. When Bio-DME is made from black liquor in a pulp plant, there is a 95 % lower carbon dioxide emission compared with emissions from fossil diesel.

The company reports that it is five times more efficient than biodiesel in terms of the transport kilometres obtained from each hectare of land used for the raw material cultivation.

Meanwhile, Volvo Trucks director for environmental affairs Lars Mårtensson says, "The Bio-DME project creates exciting new possibilities for testing DME in realistic conditions among our regular customers." From mid-2010, 14 Volvo FH trucks will be field tested in regular day-to-day operations by customers throughout Sweden.

Preem will be responsible for distributing Bio-DME and will build four Bio-DME fuel stations for the test trucks so that the trucks can be used under entirely normal regional and local operating conditions.

 

Edited by: Brindaveni Naidoo
© Reuse this Comment Guidelines (150 word limit)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Truck, Trailer, Bus and Bakkie News
THE FUTURE LOOKS BRIGHT The ITS components are being designed to include a host of features
The first phase of the Rustenburg Rapid Transport (RRT) system will be operational by 2015/16, following a R3.5-billion investment for the construction of Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the integrated public transport system.
LIKE CLOCKWORK The MyCiti BRT system was designed to be rolled out in phases and, once completed, would cover the entire city and its surrounding suburbs
Geotextiles and geosynthetic solutions provider Kaytech has provided a design solution using its bidim drainage technology for the drainage system of the new new bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Cape Town.
"WE ARE GOING" The Rea Vaya BRT system transports more passengers than the Gautrain at a tenth of the infrastructure cost
With a number of bus rapid transit (BRT) projects already in operation, engineering consultancy Royal HaskoningDHV (RHDHV) is involved in various capacities and various phases - from planning and design to implementation - of projects in Rustenburg, Polokwane,...
More
 
 
Latest News
Updated 12 minutes ago Tullow Oil drifted into the red after writing off more than $400-million in exploration costs but the Africa-focused explorer remained confident that its strategy will pay off. A disappointing run of oil wells exploration in Mauritania, Ethiopia and Norway over the...
Updated 41 minutes ago In its first monthly decrease since February, the South African Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s (Sacci’s) Copper Theft Barometer level has contracted to R12.2-million in June from R15.4-million in May, coinciding with a drop in the volumes of copper stolen...
Updated 1 hour 11 minutes ago Integrated shipping and logistics group Grindrod and black-owned investment firm Brimstone Investment Corporation have successfully concluded a black economic-empowerment (BEE) transaction, which has resulted in a Brimstone-led consortium acquiring an 8.4% interest...
More
 
 
Recent Research Reports
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
Real Economy Insight: Automotive 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the automotive industry over the past 12 months, including an overview of South Africa’s automotive market, trade figures, production and the policies influencing the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Construction 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the construction industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the sector and includes details of employment in the sector, infrastructure and municipal spending, as well as insight into companies’...
Real Economy Insight: Electricity 2014 (PDF Report)
This five-page brief covers key developments in the electricity industry over the past 12 months, including details of State-owned power utility Eskom’s generation activities, funding and tariffs, independent power producers and prospects for the sector.
Real Economy Insight: Road and Rail 2014 (PDF Report)
This six-page brief covers key developments in the road and rail industries over the past 12 months, including details of South Africa’s road and rail network and prospects for both sectors.
Real Economy Insight: Steel 2014 (PDF Report)
This four-page brief covers key developments in the steel industry over the past 12 months. It provides an overview of the global and South African steel and stainless steel markets, South Africa’s major steel producers and events that have shaped these markets.
 
 
 
 
 
This Week's Magazine
Multinational semiconductor chipmaker corporation Intel announced its national campaign to further acquire partners to drive its She Will Connect programme, an initiative that aims to expand digital literacy skills to young women in developing countries, further into...
South Africa's MeerKAT radio telescope array programme should get back on schedule within a few months. This assurance has been given by SKA South Africa (SKA SA) associate director: science and technology Prof Justin Jonas. Early last month, Science and Technology...
The Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa’s (PRASA’s) Metrorail service will remain a subsidised service following its current multibillion-rand rolling stock, station, depot and signalling upgrade programme. PRASA group CEO Lucky Montana has allayed fears that...
GARYN RAPSON Contaminated Land Provisions in the National Environmental Management: Waste Act No 59 of 2008 will open the door for court battles to determine who will be held liable for the remediation
The uncertainties around the remediation of affected areas as addressed in the Contaminated Land Provisions in the National Environmental Management: Waste Act No 59 of 2008 will possibly spark litigation and disputes between landowners and businesses, contractors...
South Africa is currently the largest component of the African Development Bank’s (AfDB’s) active portfolio in Southern Africa, comprising 62.5% of the bank’s $7.9-billion exposure to the 12-country region – the second largest beneficiary is Mauritius, which...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alert Close
Embed Code Close
content
Research Reports Close
Research Reports are a product of the
Research Channel Africa. Reports can be bought individually or you can gain full access to all reports as part of a Research Channel Africa subscription.
Find Out More Buy Report
 
 
Close
Engineering News
Completely Re-Engineered
Experience it now. Click here
*website to launch in a few weeks