Aug 06, 2012
Doubt about job seekers' grantBack
Mangaung|Adcorp|Africa|BBC|Education|SECURITY|System|Water|Africa|South Africa|Herman Mashaba|Loane Sharp|Mike Schussler|Sandile Zungu|Water
"The job seekers' grant will have nowhere near the impact the youth wage subsidy would have had," said Adcorp labour market analyst Loane Sharp.
"The change from the unemployment subsidy to a job seekers' grant involves such a totally different economic method of working that it's not clear that the ANC has identified the problem of unemployment correctly."
The African National Congress resolved at its June policy conference to include a job-seekers grant as part of the comprehensive social security package, in response to submissions by the National Youth Development Agency and the ANC Youth League.
The party has shown no appetite for the youth wage subsidy put forward by National Treasury last year in an attempt to alleviate the high youth unemployment rate.
Treasury estimates that unemployment among those under the age of 25 years old is about 50%, accounting for 30% of total unemployment.
The two-year subsidy for employers who take on first-time workers could create 178 000 net new jobs at a cost of R28 000 each, Treasury said.
The subsidy was meant to be put into effect in April this year, but had been stuck in negotiations at the National Economic Development and Labour Council.
The ANC's alliance partner, the Congress of Trade Unions, was strongly opposed to the subsidy, arguing it would give companies an incentive to let go of existing workers in order to employ subsidised ones.
Sharp said the grant would subsidise the cost of recruitment, which was unnecessary as South Africa has a very well-functioning informal industry recruitment system.
"Unemployment is a function of the cost of employment, not the cost of recruitment... The subsidy will not make job seekers any more desirable to job givers."
The youth wage subsidy, however, could have created over 500 000 jobs.
"Our own estimates suggest that National Treasury was very conservative in estimating the number of new jobs that would be created," said Sharp.
"We believe employers are much more sensitive to employment costs than the Treasury."
He said it was pity that the subsidy had seemingly been abandoned as it would have shown the trade unions that employment is "wage sensitive".
"It would demonstrate, almost in an experimental way, just how sensitive employment is to wages... which has been disputed in the trade union movement."
Black Business Council (BBC) spokesman Sandile Zungu also saw immediate benefits to the youth wage subsidy, while the advantages of the grant were not clear.
"As the Black Business Council... we are waiting for details of how they envisage doing it."
The BBC was in favour of the youth wage subsidy as it "had an inherent motivation for business to come to the party and an immediate benefit to young people getting some experience whilst not necessarily in full employment".
Zungu said the proposed grant raised important questions:
-- Is it going to encourage business to employ youth?
-- Will it create an incentive for the unemployed to pull up their bootstraps and continue to look for work?
-- Will it strengthen or weaken the state's coffers in the long-term?
-- Who is going to pay for it given that the South African tax base is limited?
Zungu suggested labour's valid concerns about the subsidy leading to job losses among older workers should have been addressed, rather than abandoning the scheme altogether.
"Instead they threw out the baby with the bath water. We did a face exchange instead of treating the warts and pimples."
Rather than creating jobs, the job seekers' subsidy might just teach the youth to queue.
"The youth must wake up at 4am and go to work, not wake up to go and queue," Zungu said.
Sharp and Zungu both questioned the sustainability of the grant.
Sharp said according to Adcorp figures, the average time spent searching for work is 806 days, while South Africa has around 6.5-million unemployed or discouraged work seekers.
Multiplying 6.5-million by 806 days, amounts to just over 5.2 billion days for which work seekers would need to be subsidised, making the grant "fiscally impossible".
Treasury had set aside R5-billion over three years for the subsidy. The job seekers' grant had not yet been costed.
Herman Mashaba, chairman of the Free Market Foundation, took a different view.
"I don't really believe that giving grants is going to arrest our high employment, given our restrictive labour legislation," he said, referring to both the youth employment subsidy and the job seekers' grant.
"You can't, on the one hand, treat employers as enemies of the people then, on the other hand, expect them to give jobs."
He said if government was serious about arresting high unemployment, it should introduce less restrictive labour legislation.
"If you bring in a subsidy to encourage entreupreneurship and to encourage economic activity it could work, but not with our current punitive labour legislation."
Economist Mike Schussler said given the high unemployment, the country could not be seen to do nothing.
Broad employment figures for the first quarter of the year showed about 7.3-million people were employed full-time in the formal sector, while about 7.75-million people, including discouraged work seekers, are unemployed.
"I don't know of any countries, outside of war zones or those involved in civil war, to have more people unemployed in broader terms... than employed," Schussler said.
The unemployed therefore make up double the number of the some four-million workers belonging to trade unions, he said.
"So for the politicians, they have to be seen to do something."
However, he did not see the job seekers' grant solving the country's unemployment problem.
"The youth employment subsidy may at least create some jobs... but nobody knows at the moment what this thing [grant] is."
Schussler said it would probably make more of a difference to fix the education system, re-examine the labour laws, give farmers confidence in their tenure, and encourage miners to mine, among others.
Zungu warned it was too soon to judge the job seekers' subsidy.
"We may be jumping the gun, they may have a genie in the bag which, once put on the table, we may engage and say, what a smart way out of the quagmire."
The proposal will be fleshed out at the ANC's national conference in Mangaung in December.
Edited by: SapaComment Guidelines (150 word limit)
Other Economy News
Updated 4 hours ago As the new requirement for unabridged birth certificates for all children travelling in South Africa comes into effect on June 1 2015, major international airlines say they’ve done all they can to inform those affected. However, Board of Airline Representatives of...
Updated 6 hours ago Imperial Holdings has entered into exclusive negotiations with Hollard Insurance and an unnamed associated party over the possible acquisition of Imperial’s interest in the Regent Insurance and Regent Life Assurance businesses, which hold long- and short-term...
Updated 2 hours 56 minutes ago JSE-listed Dipula Income Fund reported that its distributable earnings grew 33.2% in the six months ended February 28, translating into a combined growth of 6.8% in distributions for both A- and B-linked units. The distribution attributable to the A-linked units was...
Updated 3 hours ago JSE-listed Growthpoint Properties’ Kirstenhof Office Park, in Johannesburg, has become the hundredth building in South Africa to achieve a Green Star SA certification from the Green Building Council of South Africa (GBCSA), securing a 5-Star Green Star: Existing...
Updated 3 hours ago JSE-listed residential property developer Calgro M3 Holdings’ subsidiary, Calgro M3 Memorial Parks has diversified its portfolio by officially launching its first memorial park, in Nasrec, near Soweto. This is the first development of its kind by Calgro M3 in what it...
Recent Research Reports
Steel 2015: A review of South Africa's steel sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Steel 2015 report provides an overview of the key developments in the global steel industry and particularly of South Africa’s steel sector over the past year, including details of production and consumption, as well as the country's primary carbon...
Projects in Progress 2015 - First Edition (PDF Report)
In fact, this edition of Creamer Media’s Projects in Progress 2015 supplement tracks developments taking place under the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme, which has had four bidding rounds. It appears to remain a shining light on the...
Electricity 2015: A review of South Africa's electricity sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Electricity 2015 report provides an overview of State-owned power utility Eskom and independent power producers, as well as electricity planning, transmission, distribution and the theft thereof, besides other issues.
Construction 2015: A review of South Africa’s construction sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Construction 2015 Report examines South Africa’s construction industry over the past 12 months. The report provides insight into the business environment; the key participants in the sector; local construction demand; geographic diversification;...
Liquid Fuels 2014 - A review of South Africa's Liquid Fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2014 Report examines these issues, focusing on the business environment, oil and gas exploration, the country’s feedstock supplies, the development of South Africa’s biofuels industry, fuel pricing, competition in the sector, the...
Water 2014: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2014 report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context, but also in the African and global context, and examines the issues of water and sanitation, water quality and the demand for water, among others.
This Week's Magazine
While economic forecasts for the African continent are most favourable, African airlines may not be able to benefit from the expected growth in the region’s gross domestic product (GDP), International Air Transport Association VP: Africa Raphael Kuuchi has warned....
The Automotive Production and Development Programme (APDP) will need to change substantially post 2020, says Metair Investments South African operations COO Ken Lello. “We must not make tweaks. We have to change. What we are doing is not sustainable.”
Banking group Absa’s forecast is for the rand to end the year at around R13 against the dollar, weakening further to R13.50 by 2016, says Absa sectoral analyst Jacques du Toit. He warns that possible interest rate hikes in the US may see capital being pulled from...
The Dispute Resolution Centre at the Bargaining Council for the Civil Engineering Industry (BCCEI) is now open to handle party-to-party disputes. The BCCEI represents the interests of all level four to nine Construction Industry Development Board companies.
Communications technology firm Ericsson sub-Saharan Africa head Fredrik Jejdling says the company’s commitment to sustainability and corporate responsibility has been integrated into all facets of its operations, which has provided it with sustainable revenue...