Aug 06, 2012
Doubt about job seekers' grantBack
Mangaung|SECURITY|Adcorp|Africa|BBC|Education|Security|System|Water|Africa|South Africa|Security|Security|Herman Mashaba|Loane Sharp|Mike Schussler|Sandile Zungu|Security|Water
"The job seekers' grant will have nowhere near the impact the youth wage subsidy would have had," said Adcorp labour market analyst Loane Sharp.
"The change from the unemployment subsidy to a job seekers' grant involves such a totally different economic method of working that it's not clear that the ANC has identified the problem of unemployment correctly."
The African National Congress resolved at its June policy conference to include a job-seekers grant as part of the comprehensive social security package, in response to submissions by the National Youth Development Agency and the ANC Youth League.
The party has shown no appetite for the youth wage subsidy put forward by National Treasury last year in an attempt to alleviate the high youth unemployment rate.
Treasury estimates that unemployment among those under the age of 25 years old is about 50%, accounting for 30% of total unemployment.
The two-year subsidy for employers who take on first-time workers could create 178 000 net new jobs at a cost of R28 000 each, Treasury said.
The subsidy was meant to be put into effect in April this year, but had been stuck in negotiations at the National Economic Development and Labour Council.
The ANC's alliance partner, the Congress of Trade Unions, was strongly opposed to the subsidy, arguing it would give companies an incentive to let go of existing workers in order to employ subsidised ones.
Sharp said the grant would subsidise the cost of recruitment, which was unnecessary as South Africa has a very well-functioning informal industry recruitment system.
"Unemployment is a function of the cost of employment, not the cost of recruitment... The subsidy will not make job seekers any more desirable to job givers."
The youth wage subsidy, however, could have created over 500 000 jobs.
"Our own estimates suggest that National Treasury was very conservative in estimating the number of new jobs that would be created," said Sharp.
"We believe employers are much more sensitive to employment costs than the Treasury."
He said it was pity that the subsidy had seemingly been abandoned as it would have shown the trade unions that employment is "wage sensitive".
"It would demonstrate, almost in an experimental way, just how sensitive employment is to wages... which has been disputed in the trade union movement."
Black Business Council (BBC) spokesman Sandile Zungu also saw immediate benefits to the youth wage subsidy, while the advantages of the grant were not clear.
"As the Black Business Council... we are waiting for details of how they envisage doing it."
The BBC was in favour of the youth wage subsidy as it "had an inherent motivation for business to come to the party and an immediate benefit to young people getting some experience whilst not necessarily in full employment".
Zungu said the proposed grant raised important questions:
-- Is it going to encourage business to employ youth?
-- Will it create an incentive for the unemployed to pull up their bootstraps and continue to look for work?
-- Will it strengthen or weaken the state's coffers in the long-term?
-- Who is going to pay for it given that the South African tax base is limited?
Zungu suggested labour's valid concerns about the subsidy leading to job losses among older workers should have been addressed, rather than abandoning the scheme altogether.
"Instead they threw out the baby with the bath water. We did a face exchange instead of treating the warts and pimples."
Rather than creating jobs, the job seekers' subsidy might just teach the youth to queue.
"The youth must wake up at 4am and go to work, not wake up to go and queue," Zungu said.
Sharp and Zungu both questioned the sustainability of the grant.
Sharp said according to Adcorp figures, the average time spent searching for work is 806 days, while South Africa has around 6.5-million unemployed or discouraged work seekers.
Multiplying 6.5-million by 806 days, amounts to just over 5.2 billion days for which work seekers would need to be subsidised, making the grant "fiscally impossible".
Treasury had set aside R5-billion over three years for the subsidy. The job seekers' grant had not yet been costed.
Herman Mashaba, chairman of the Free Market Foundation, took a different view.
"I don't really believe that giving grants is going to arrest our high employment, given our restrictive labour legislation," he said, referring to both the youth employment subsidy and the job seekers' grant.
"You can't, on the one hand, treat employers as enemies of the people then, on the other hand, expect them to give jobs."
He said if government was serious about arresting high unemployment, it should introduce less restrictive labour legislation.
"If you bring in a subsidy to encourage entreupreneurship and to encourage economic activity it could work, but not with our current punitive labour legislation."
Economist Mike Schussler said given the high unemployment, the country could not be seen to do nothing.
Broad employment figures for the first quarter of the year showed about 7.3-million people were employed full-time in the formal sector, while about 7.75-million people, including discouraged work seekers, are unemployed.
"I don't know of any countries, outside of war zones or those involved in civil war, to have more people unemployed in broader terms... than employed," Schussler said.
The unemployed therefore make up double the number of the some four-million workers belonging to trade unions, he said.
"So for the politicians, they have to be seen to do something."
However, he did not see the job seekers' grant solving the country's unemployment problem.
"The youth employment subsidy may at least create some jobs... but nobody knows at the moment what this thing [grant] is."
Schussler said it would probably make more of a difference to fix the education system, re-examine the labour laws, give farmers confidence in their tenure, and encourage miners to mine, among others.
Zungu warned it was too soon to judge the job seekers' subsidy.
"We may be jumping the gun, they may have a genie in the bag which, once put on the table, we may engage and say, what a smart way out of the quagmire."
The proposal will be fleshed out at the ANC's national conference in Mangaung in December.
Edited by: SapaComment Guidelines (150 word limit)
Other Labour and Skills Development News
Article contains comments
Article contains comments
Recent Research Reports
Construction 2015: A review of South Africa’s construction sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Construction 2015 Report examines South Africa’s construction industry over the past 12 months. The report provides insight into the business environment; the key participants in the sector; local construction demand; geographic diversification;...
Liquid Fuels 2014 - A review of South Africa's Liquid Fuels sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Liquid Fuels 2014 Report examines these issues, focusing on the business environment, oil and gas exploration, the country’s feedstock supplies, the development of South Africa’s biofuels industry, fuel pricing, competition in the sector, the...
Water 2014: A review of South Africa's water sector (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Water 2014 report considers the aforementioned issues, not only in the South African context, but also in the African and global context, and examines the issues of water and sanitation, water quality and the demand for water, among others.
Defence 2014: A review of South Africa's defence industry (PDF Report)
Creamer Media’s Defence 2014 report examines South Africa’s defence industry, with particular focus on the key participants in the sector, the innovations that have come out of the sector, local and export demand, South Africa’s controversial multibillion-rand...
Road and Rail 2014: A review of South Africa's road and rail infrastructure (PDF report)
Creamer Media’s Road and Rail 2014 report examines South Africa’s road and rail transport system, with particular focus on the size and state of the country’s road and rail network, the funding and maintenance of these respective networks, and the push to move road...
Real Economy Year Book 2014 (PDF Report)
This edition drills down into the performance and outlook for a variety of sectors, including automotive, construction, electricity, transport, steel, water, coal, gold, iron-ore and platinum.
This Week's Magazine
The international Square Kilometre Array (SKA) radio telescope – which is to be jointly hosted by South Africa and Australia with, later, outstations in other countries – may not yet exist, but international scientific working groups are already deciding what...
A free Web-based solar power plant capacity-planning tool offers project planners and developers, as well as governments, a means to assess the solar energy potential of thin-film solar PV power over an area of land. The tool was developed by thin-film solar...
As yet, no specific methodology, timeline or costs have been finalised to remedy the water ingress, excessive to contractual specifications, into the Gautrain tunnel between emergency shaft two (E2) and Park Station, says Bombela Concession Company technical and...
The “seriously disruptive” electricity outages in South Africa have cost packaging group Astrapak more than R2-million in “irrecoverable downtime costs”, the company said on Monday, adding that the power cuts were negating some of the benefit of energy saving...
Bakkies and more affordable cars dominated South Africa’s new vehicle market in 2014. Unaudited data from the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) shows that South Africa’s most popular vehicle in 2014 was the Toyota Hilux, selling 37 562 units.